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The BorderPolicy and Politics in Europe and the United States$
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Martin A. Schain

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199938674

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199938674.001.0001

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The Politics of Border Control in Europe

The Politics of Border Control in Europe

Policy Failure and Border Pressure

Chapter:
(p.146) 6 The Politics of Border Control in Europe
Source:
The Border
Author(s):

Martin A. Schain

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199938674.003.0006

This chapter examines the growing politicization of border control policy in Europe. It first examines why the border has become important at all at a time when some have argued that borders are increasingly less relevant. The relatively easy movement of migrants into Europe until the 1970s was matched by the easy movement across the soft northern and southern borders of the United States at the same time. How, then, did the issue of the border become increasingly salient? This chapter argues that the developing political salience of the border has been the principle result, first of the reframing of the question of immigration by political party leaders as a failure by the state to control the challenge to identity. Party leaders and electoral competition have then mobilized public opinion around issues of border control as a political priority. This has taken place in the context of cross-border population movements within Europe, and by increased numbers of asylum seekers seeking entry into Europe.

Keywords:   policy failure, asylum seekers, Dublin Regulation, French National Front, UKIP, Nicolas Sarkozy, European Commission

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