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Broadway to Main StreetHow Show Tunes Enchanted America$

Laurence Maslon

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199832538

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199832538.001.0001

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(p.237) Index

(p.237) Index

Source:
Broadway to Main Street
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

“Studio recording” refers to any release of a full or partial score not performed by the show’s original Broadway cast.

Abbott, George, 63, 96
Adams, Lee, 159–60
Adler, Richard, 96–97
Adult Contemporary music, 157, 160, 161, 180, 186, 195
advances, for original cast albums, 105–7
advertising sales, in radio, 1939, 59
African Americans, “race records” marketed towards, 27
“After the Ball” (Morris, J.), 8f, 12
“Ain’t Got No—I Got Life” (Simone, N.), 179
Albani, Countess, 57
“Alice Blue Gown” (Day, E.), 31
All American (Strouse and Adams), 160
Allegro (original cast album), 80–82, 105
“All the Time” (Mathis, J.), xviii
“All Through the Night” (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), 30
Alpert, Herb, 196
Altschuler, Glenn, 157–58
Amazon Music, 210
American Bandstand, 27
American Federation of Musicians (AFM), 53–54
pension funds and, 82
recording industry settlement with, 69
strike of, 63–65
American Idol, 214–15
American Musicals (1927–1969) (Maslon), 3
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), 15, 54, 59, 134
BMI sued by, 158–59
boycott of, 60–61, 63
A&M Records, 196
Anderson, Michael, 3
Andrews, Julie, 104f, 113–15, 132, 138f, 149, 150–51, 151f
Mary Poppins soundtrack and, 142–43, 147–48
movie soundtrack success of, 148
success of, 141
Annie (original cast album), 194
Annie (Strouse and Charnin), 214
Annie Get Your Gun (Berlin), 72f, 78
Annie Get Your Gun (original cast album), 78
Anyone Can Whistle (original cast album), 172f, 173–74
Anyone Can Whistle (Sondheim), 173
“Anything Goes” (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), 30
Anything Goes: The World of Popular Music (Dachs), 95, 160
Arlen, Harold, 61, 76–77, 100, 165
A&R (artist and repertory) men, 95–97, 107
Armstrong, Louis, 169, 171
Astaire, Adele, 21–22, 56
Astaire, Fred, 21–22, 31, 37, 45, 56, 92, 226n14
(p.238) As Thousands Cheer (Berlin), 34, 36f
As Thousands Cheer (studio recording), 2, 34–35
“As Time Goes By” (Vallee), 64
Atkinson, Brooks, 93, 129
Atlantic Records, 218
audio links
“After the Ball” (Morris, J.), 12
“Ain’t Got No—I Got Life” (Simone), 179
“All the Time” (Mathis), xviii
“Bewitched” (Snyder), 91
“Cap’n Andy’s Ballyhoo” (Nichols), 207
“Corner of the Sky” (Jackson 5), 196
“Eadie Was a Lady” (Merman), 33
“The Farmer and the Cowman” (Oklahoma! Volume Two), 69
“Finale” (The Cradle Will Rock original cast), 59
The Fleischmann Yeast Hour (Vallee and Gershwin, G.), 44
“Gems from No No Nanette” (Victor Light Opera Company), 30
“Glad to Be Unhappy” (Sinatra), 98
“The Half of It, Dearie, Blues” (Astaire, F., and Gershwin, G.), 21
“Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem)” (Jay-Z), 214
“Hey There” (Clooney), 97
“History Has Its Eyes on You” (Legend), 219
“How Far Is It to the Next Town?” (Lolita, My Love demo), 182
“How to Handle a Woman” (Lerner and Loewe), 133
“Hymn to a Sunday Evening” (Bye Bye Birdie original cast), 137
“If He Walked into My Life” (Gormé), 156
“If He Walked into My Life” (Lansbury), 155
“I’ll Never Fall in Love Again” (Warwick), 180
“I’m Gonna Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair” (Lee, P.), 86
“I’ve Gotta Be Me” (Davis, S.), 161
“I’ve Grown Accustomed to Her Face” (Harrison), 118
“Let ’Em Eat Cake (medley)” (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), 37
“The Little Things You Do Together” (Company original cast), 183
“Lover Come Back to Me” (Sinatra), 50
“March of the Musketeers” (Crosby), 29
“My Favorite Things” (Coltrane), 146
“Oh, Diogenes!” (Vallee), 63
“The Pajama Game/Racing with the Clock” (The Pajama Game original cast), 112
“People” (Cole), 165
“People Will Say We’re in Love” (Crosby and Erwin), 65
“A Room Without Windows” (Lawrence, S.), 161
“Send in the Clowns” (Sinatra), 191
“Something Good” (Andrews and Plummer), 149
“They Can’t Take That Away from Me” (Merman), 45
“Three Paradises” (Randall), xvi
“To Keep My Love Alive” (Segal), 74
“Twin Soliloquies” (Sinatra and Smith), 168
“Wedding Dance” (Fiddler on the Roof original cast), 203
“Where Did Robinson Crusoe Go with Friday on Saturday Night” (Jolson), 26
“Yankee Doodle Boy” (Murray), 24
Austin, Gene, 25
“Autumn” (Streisand), 166
Bacharach, Burt, 179–80, 198
Bachman, Bill, 83
Bailey, Pearl, 77
Baker, Belle, 32
Baker Street (original cast album), 176
The Baker’s Wife, 204
“Ballad for Americans” (Robeson), 56
bandleaders, of dance orchestras, 27–28
The Band Wagon (studio recording), 92
The Barbra Streisand Album (Streisand), 165
Barbour, Dave, 86
Barker, Jack, 33
Barnes, Clive, 139, 179, 187
Barnet, Charlie, 66
Barry, John, 181, 229n15
Bart, Lionel, 123
Bass, Saul, 145
the Beatles, 123–24, 169, 171, 227n1
Billboard charts conquered by, 173
Beavers, Dick, 94
Bennett, Michael, 198–99
Bennett, Robert Russell, 205
Bennett, Tony, 96–97, 146, 159–60
Berle, Milton, 126
Berlin, Irving, 32, 36f, 64, 72f, 78, 109
Gershwin, G., and, 16
Great Depression and, 33–34
radio criticized by, 43
Berliner, Emile, 23
Bernstein, Leonard, 75, 79
Betsy (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 32
“Bewitched” (Fitzgerald), 100
“Bewitched” (Froman), 94
“Bewitched” (Sinatra), 103
(p.239) “Bewitched” (Snyder, B.), 91
“Bewitched” cover recordings, 91–94, 100, 103
“Bill” (Morgan, H.), 30
Billboard charts
Adult Contemporary music in, 157, 161, 180, 186
the Beatles conquering, 173
Hamilton and, 219–20
original cast album categorization in, 141
original cast albums on, 5
Billboard magazine, 69–70, 92, 95, 96, 199
Blackboard Jungle, 158
Blackton, Jay, 66
Bleyer, Archie, 96
Blitzstein, Marc, 6f, 57–59, 177
Block, Martin, 68
“Blue Moon” (The Marcels), 157
“Blue Skies” (Baker), 32
Bobby Tucker Singers, 65
Bob Prince Quartet, xvii
Bolger, Ray, 82
bonus tracks, on CDs, 203
The Book of Mormon (original cast album), 217
Booth, Shirley, 6f
Born Free (movie soundtrack), 181
Boyle, Susan, 214
“Boys and Girls Like You and Me” (Garland), 68
The Boys from Syracuse (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 55
The Boys from Syracuse (studio recording), 62–63, 110
Bregman, Buddy, 99
Brenner, Howard, 47
Brice, Fanny, 14, 25
Brigadoon (original cast album), 80
Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI), 59–60
ASCAP lawsuit against, 158–59
The Broadway Album (Streisand), 212–13
Broadway musicals. See also specific productions
American Idol and, 214–15
ASCAP boycott impact on, 60–61
CBS and NBC investments in, 114
cover albums reclaiming, 98–99
duration of run, in 1980s and 1990s, 202
on The Ed Sullivan Show, 123–24
Gershwin, G., and Gershwin, I., impact on, 37
Hollywood poaching songwriters from, 55
Lieberson’s recording projects with old, 108–11
Mercer and, 76–78
movie versions of, 101–3, 102f, 148–49
original cast albums compared to, xv–xvi, 4
original cast albums marketed through, 201–2, 216
public access to, xvii
on radio, 41–42, 45–46
recording industry as separate from, 24
rock ’n’ roll songwriters in, 179–81, 198
Sinatra’s appreciation for, 49
singles preceding, 96–97
Sullivan’s impact on, 124–25, 130–31
television live broadcasts of, 215
television relationship with, 125–26
21st-century culture influenced by, 214
Broadway songs. See show tunes
Brooks, Shelton, 13
Brynner, Yul, 128
Burke, Johnny, 106
Burnett, Carol, 142
Burr, Charles, 187
Burton, Richard, 138f, 150–51, 151f
Bye Bye Birdie (original cast album), 159
Bye Bye Birdie (Stewart), 136–37, 159
Byrne, David, 4
Cabaret (Kander and Ebb), 169, 171
Cabaret (original cast album), 111–12, 175
“Cabaret” (Armstrong), 171
La Cage aux Folles (original cast album), 201
Cahn, Sammy, 168
Call Me Madam (original cast album), 93
Camelot (Lerner and Loewe), 131–33, 150, 209
Camelot (movie soundtrack), 150–51, 151f
Camelot (original cast album), 113, 140f, 141–42
Can-Can (original cast album), 95, 110
“canned music” records, 53–54
“Can’t Help Lovin’ Dat Man” (Morgan, H.), 2, 30
Cantor, Eddie, 14, 17f, 38f, 47
radio and, 39–40, 44, 51
Sinatra compared to, 51
successful recording career of, 25
Capitol Records, 76–78, 85–86, 93–94, 101, 144, 162, 165, 176
gatefold LPs of, 118
original cast album intermittent interest of, 184–85
Sinatra joining, 97
“Cap’n Andy’s Ballyhoo” (Robert Nichols), 207
Carlisle, Kitty, 74
Carnival! (original cast album), 176
Carnival in Flanders (Burke and Van Heusen), 106
Carousel (Rodgers, R., and Hammerstein), 69
Caruso, Enrico, 23
Casablanca, 64
Casablanca Records, 196
“Casey at the Bat” (Hopper), 31
cassettes, 194
Cassidy, Jack, 129
Cats (Broadway cast album), 199–200
(p.240) Cats (Lloyd Webber), 7, 199
Cats (West End cast album), 199
Caulfield, Keith, 149, 190, 210–12, 217–18
CBS-Columbia Group, 177
CDs. See compact discs
Chapin, Ted, 110, 168, 184–85, 207
Chappell, 77, 119
Charnin, Martin, 214
The Chase and Sanborn Hour, 39–40
Chicago (movie), 215
A Chorus Line (original cast album), 196
“Ciao Compare” (Goulet), 163
Cinderella (television soundtrack), 141
Cinema Center Films, 184
“Climb Ev’ry Mountain” (Bennett, T.), 146
Clooney, Rosemary, xvi–xvii, 96–97
Cochrane, June, 32–33
The Cocoanuts (Berlin), 29
Cohan, George M., 14, 24
Cohen, Kip, 188–89
Cole, Nat “King,” 165
Coleman, Emil, 35
The Cole Porter Songbook (Fitzgerald), 99–100
The Colgate Comedy Hour, 125
Collins, Judy, 189–90
Coltrane, John, 146
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), 40, 42, 47, 59, 91–93, 106, 126–27
Broadway musicals investments of, 114
Columbia Record Club, 116–17
Columbia Records, xvii–xviii, 25, 27, 56–57, 65, 77, 82, 85, 105–6, 145, 146, 149–50, 154, 161, 164–66, 196, 220f
Anyone Can Whistle promoted by, 174
A&R men at, 95–97, 107
gatefold LPs of, 118, 140f, 141–42, 177
LP development and, 83–84, 89
old Broadway musicals recording projects of, 108–11
original cast albums released by, 79–81
78 rpm recordings pressed by, 23
Sinatra leaving, 97
stereo recording technology and, 117–18
Columbia Special Products, 202–3
Comden, Betty, 110
“Come on-a My House” (Clooney), 96
“Come Rain or Come Shine” (Whiting), 77–78
Como, Perry, 81–82, 85, 87, 95, 146
compact discs (CDs)
archival records on, 205, 207
bonus tracks on, 203
development of, 200
implications and opportunities provided by, 200–201
LP advantages and disadvantages of, 201
original cast albums and impact of, 193–94
out-of-print original cast albums rereleased on, 202–5
Company (original cast album), 182–83
Company (Sondheim), 182
The Complete Entertainment Discography (Rust and Debus), 224n1
concept albums, 185–86, 200, 219
Conkling, John, 114–15
A Connecticut Yankee (original cast album), 73–74
A Connecticut Yankee (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 42–43, 47, 73
content, context compared to, 199
context
content compared to, 199
cover songs and, 3
digital downloads and, 210
original cast albums and, 4–5, 94–95
show tunes and, 1–3
Sondheim and, 3
The Sound of Music original cast album and, 146
Cooke, Alistair, 133
“Corner of the Sky” (Jackson 5), 196
Corwin, Norman, 56
Costa, Don, 155
Country Western music, 60, 157
cover albums
early, 24
of Oh Captain! (Livingston and Evans), xvi–xviii
old Broadway musicals reclaimed in, 98–99
Reprise Musical Repertory Theater series and, 166–68
cover songs. See also specific songs
“Bewitched,” 91–94, 100, 103
context and, 3
Coward, Noël, 31
the Cowsills, 178
The Cradle Will Rock (Blitzstein), 57–59
The Cradle Will Rock (original cast album), 58–59, 67
Crawford, Cheryl, 80
Crosby, Bing, 3, 29, 33–34, 48, 50f, 52f, 56, 67
sales and success of, 61, 65, 78
Cross, Milton, 44–45
Dachs, David, 95, 160, 188
Damn Yankees (original cast recording), 110
(p.241) Damone, Vic, 113, 116
dance music, in original cast albums, 111–12
dance orchestras
bandleaders of, 27–28
on radio, 40–41
show tune arrangements by, 28
Dancing with Oh Captain! (Bob Prince Quartet), xvii
Da Silva, Howard, 68–69
David, Hal, 179–80
Davies, Ramona, 35
Davis, Clive, 177, 187, 195
Davis, Sammy, Jr., 161–63, 167
Day, Edith, 31
Dearest Enemy (Victor Light Opera Company), 29–30
Dear Evan Hansen (original cast album), 220
Debus, Allen G., 224n1
Decca Records, 53, 56, 61–65, 67, 69, 72f, 74, 78–82, 87, 89, 95, 99, 106, 143–44, 162, 185–86, 214
de Mille, Agnes, 80–81
Deutsch, Kurt, 216–17
dialogue, in original cast albums, 112, 183
Dietz, Howard, 46–47, 92
digital downloads, of original cast albums, 209–10, 213, 217
Do I Hear a Waltz? (original cast album), 175
Don’t Go to Strangers (Gormé), 155
Douglas, Susan, 43
Drake, Alfred, 68, 74
Drat! The Cat! (original cast album), 166
Dreamgirls (original cast album), 199, 219
DreamWorks Records, 211
Dreyfus, Louise, 16
Dreyfus, Max, 15–19, 18f, 81, 85, 106, 119
Dr. No, 181
Drutman, Brian, 201–2
Duke Ellington Songbook (Fitzgerald), 100
Durante, Jimmy, 46, 78
“Eadie Was a Lady” (Ethel Merman), 33
“Easter Parade” (Webb, C.), 35
Easy Listening music, 157. See also Adult Contemporary music
Ebb, Fred, 165, 169, 171
Eberle, Philip, 40–41
Edison, Harry “Sweets,” xvii
Edison, Thomas, 23
The Ed Sullivan Show
ASCAP celebrated on, 134
audience size for, 130
the Beatles on, 123–24
beginnings of, 126–27
Broadway musicals on, 123–24
Hammerstein on, 135–36
impact of, 124–25
legacy of, 139
Lerner and Loewe showcase on, 132–33
Oklahoma! tribute on, 135–36
politics and, 131
Porter tribute on, 134, 228n16
rock ’n’ roll and, 137
Rodgers, R., on, 135–36, 138–39
songwriters on, 133–35
electrical transcription disks (ETs), 54
electronic recording technology, 27–28
Elkins, Hillard, 163
Elliman, Yvonne, 186, 226n14
Ellington, Duke, 100
EMI Records, 205
Emotion (Streisand), 212
Encore: Movie Partners Sing Broadway (Streisand), 213
Engel, Lehman, 92, 109
England, recording industry in, 31
Erlichman, Marty, 164
Erwin, Trudy, 3, 65
Etting, Ruth, 32
Evans, Ray, xv–xviii, 1
The Eveready Hour, 44
Everything Was Possible (Chapin), 184–85
Evita (Broadway cast album), 200
Evita (original concept album), 200
Ewen, David, 13, 16
Eyen, Tom, 198
The Fabulous Phonograph (Gelatt), 224n10
Face the Music (Berlin), 33–34
“The Farmer and the Cowman” (Oklahoma! Volume Two), 69
Farthing, Scott, 220
Feather, Leonard, xvii
Feist, Leo, 14
Ferber, Edna, 12
Ferrer, José, xvi–xvii, 96
The Ferrers Sing Selections from the Broadway Musical Comedy Oh Captain! (Clooney and Ferrer), xvi–xvii
Fiddler on the Roof (original cast album), 175, 189f, 203
“Finale” (The Cradle Will Rock original cast), 59
Finian’s Rainbow (original cast album), 79
Fisher, Eddie, 129
(p.242) Fitzgerald, Ella, 99–101
The Fleischmann Yeast Hour (Vallee and Gershwin, G.), 44
Floradora, 13–14
Flower Drum Song (original cast album), 118
Foglesong, James, 117
Follies (original cast album), 183–85
42nd Street (original cast album), 206f
Fosse, Bob, 93
Foster, Stephen, 10
Franchi, Sergio, 127
Freed, Alan, 157
Friedwald, Will, 24, 168
Froman, Jane, 94
Funny Girl (original cast album), 165–66
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (Sondheim), 173
Garland, Judy, 50f, 61, 68, 143
gatefold LPs, 118, 140f, 141–42, 177
Gaunt, Percy, 11
Gaxton, William, 32, 128, 134
Gay Divorce (Porter), 31
Geffen, David, 198–200, 211
Geffen Records, 199–200, 201
Gelatt, Roland, 224n10
“Gems from No No Nanette” (Victor Light Opera Company), 30
Gershwin, George, 21–22, 30, 33–35, 36f, 55, 94
Berlin and, 16
Broadway impact of, 37
death of, 45
Dreyfus, M., investing in, 16
on radio variety shows, 44–45
Whiteman and, 29
Gershwin, Ira, 18f, 21, 33–35, 36f, 60, 109–10
Broadway impact of, 37
The Gibson Family, 46–47
Gielgud, John, 210
Girl Crazy (studio album), 92
“Glad to Be Unhappy” (Sinatra), 98
Gleason, Jackie, 125
Glee (television soundtrack), 213
Godspell (original cast album), 194
Golden Boy (Odets), 162–63
Goldmark, Peter, 83
Gormé, Eydie, 137, 152f, 161, 171
career challenges of, 154
Grammy Awards and, 156
“If He Walked into My Life” and, 154–56
upbringing of, 153
Gould, Elliott, 166
Gould, Glenn, 5, 210
Goulet, Robert, 132, 150–51, 151f, 163–64, 181–82
Goz, Harry, 130
Grammy Awards, 156, 171, 183
Hamilton performing live at, 218
gramophone, invention of, 23
Granata, Charles L., 167, 189
Granz, Norman, 99–100
Gray, Dolores, 134
Grease Live!, 215
Great Depression, 33–34
“Greatest Hits” albums, xviii
Green, Abel, 74
Grimes, Tammy, 206f
Groody, Louise, 33
Guys and Dolls (original cast album), 95
Gypsy (Styne and Sondheim), 3
Gypsy (television movie), 215
Hair (MacDermot, Ragni, and Rado), 137–38, 177–78
Hair (original cast album), 178–79
“Hair” (the Cowsills), 178
Haley, Jack, 82
“The Half of It, Dearie, Blues” (Astaire, F., and Gershwin, G.), 21, 37
Halliday, Richard, 131
Hamilton (Miranda), xv, 208f, 209, 217
Hamilton (original cast album), xv, 218–20
The Hamilton Mixtape (Miranda), 217–19
Hammerstein, Oscar, II, 2, 3, 30, 32, 46, 64–69, 73, 93–95, 111, 122f
“After the Ball” and, 12
death of, 118
on The Ed Sullivan Show, 135–36
Lieberson and, 106–7, 118–19
Pipe Dream failure of, 116
record company of, 118–19
on Show Boat revival cast album, 79
Sinatra on, 49–50
South Pacific demos of, 85–86
success of, 87, 89
The Happy Time (Kander and Ebb), 171
Harburg, Yip, 61, 79, 109
“Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem)” (Jay-Z), 214
Harms, T. B., 11, 15, 22
Harnick, Sheldon, 184, 216
Harris, Charles K., 11–12
Harrison, Rex, 113–15, 117–18
(p.243) Hart, Lorenz, 2–3, 42–43, 63, 90f, 91, 101, 225n11
ASCAP boycott impact on, 60–61
“Blue Skies” upsetting, 32
career rise of, 16–18
death and final works of, 73–74
formal boundaries broken by, 55
on radio, 46–47
Rodgers, R., on collaborations with, 93
songbook compilations from work of, 99–100
Hart, Moss, 33, 109, 114, 132
“Have You Met Miss Jones?” (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 2–3
Hawkins, Coleman, xvii
Haymes, Dick, 93
Hayton, Lennie, 45, 48
Hayworth, Rita, 101
“Hello, Dolly!” (Armstrong), 169
Herbert, Victor, 10, 15
Here Comes the Showboat (studio recording), 56–57
Herman, Jerry, 154–55
“He Touched Me” (Streisand), 166
“Hey There” (Clooney, R.), 96, 97
“Hey There” (Davis, S.), 162
Heyward, Leland, 128
Higher and Higher (movie), 101
Higher and Higher (studio recording), 63
Hill, George Washington, 48
hillbilly music, 60
“History Has Its Eyes on You” (Legend, J.), 219
Hold on to Your Hats (Lane, B., and Harburg, Y.), 61, 109
A Hole in the Head, 161
Holloway, Sterling, 32–33
Hollywood, Broadway musicals losing songwriters to, 55
Holm, Celeste, 69
Holman, Libby, 32
Honeymoon Express (Jolson), 26
Hopper, DeWolf, 31
Horne, Lena, 160–61
Hot 100, 157
Houseman, John, 57
“How Does the Wine Taste?” (Streisand), 166
“How Far Is It to the Next Town?” (Lolita, My Love demo), 182
How Music Works (Byrne), 4
“How to Handle a Woman” (Lerner and Loewe), 133
Hoyt, Charles, 11–12
Hughes, Langston, 80
Hyman, Dick, xvii
“Hymn to a Sunday Evening” (Bye Bye Birdie original cast), 137
I Can Get It for You Wholesale (original cast album), 164
I Can Get It for You Wholesale (Rome), 164
“I Don’t Care Much” (Streisand), 165
“I Don’t Know How to Love Him” (Elliman), 226n14
I’d Rather Be Right (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 3–4, 55
“If He Walked into My Life” (Gormé, E.), 154–55, 156
“If He Walked into My Life” (Lansbury, A.), 155
“I Got Rhythm” (Merman), 33, 45
“I Left My Heart in San Francisco” (Bennett, T.), 160
“I’ll Be Home for Christmas” (Crosby), 67
“I’ll Build a Stairway to Paradise” (Whiteman, P., and Gershwin, G.), 29
“I’ll Never Fall in Love Again” (Warwick, D.), 180
“I’m Gonna Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair” (Lee, P.), 86
incremental sales, of original cast albums, 216–17
Inside U.S.A. (“pre-cast” album), 82
International Ladies Garment Workers Union, 55
Internet, 209, 216–17
“In the Broken Promise Land of Fifteen” (Goulet), 181–82
In the Wee Small Hours (Sinatra), 97
iPhone, 210
I Picked a Daisy (Lerner and Rodgers, R.), 174–75
Ira and Leonore Gershwin Charitable Trust, 205
Isherwood, Charles, 178
iTunes, 210
“I’ve Got My Love to Keep Me Warm” (Berlin), 43
“I’ve Gotta Be Me” (Davis, S.), 161
“I’ve Gotta Be Me” (Lawrence, S.), 161
“I’ve Grown Accustomed to Her Face” (Harrison, R.), 118
“I’ve Never Been in Love Before” (Sinatra), 168
“I’ve Told Ev’ry Little Star” (Scott), 157
“I Want My Mammy” (Cantor), 14, 17f
Jackson, Michael, 145
Jackson 5, 196
Jay-Z, 214
jazz
on radio, 41
show tunes and, 228n5
Jenkins, Gordon, 189
(p.244) Jesus Christ Superstar (original concept album), 185–86, 200
Jesus Christ Superstar (Webber and Rice), 186
Johnny Johnson (Weill), 55
Johnny’s Greatest Hits (Mathis), xviii
Johnson, Eldridge, 23
Jolson, Al, 14, 16, 20f, 22, 45
ASCAP boycott impact on, 61
successful recording career of, 26–27
work ethic of, 25–26
Jones, Dean, 183
Jones, Grace, 194
Jones, Jack, 149
Jones, Richard, 184–85
Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall, 142
Jumbo (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 46–47
The Jumbo Fire Chief Program, 46
June Moon (Lardner and Kaufman), 13
Juno (original cast album), 6f
Kander, John, 5, 111, 165, 169, 171, 184
Kaplan, James, 168
Kapp, Jack, 52f, 67–68, 78, 81, 107
death of, 87
original cast albums assembled by, 62–63, 65–66, 74–75
perseverance and spirit of, 61–62
upbringing and early career of, 53, 61
Kaufman, George S., 13
Kaye, Danny, 60, 138–39
Kaye, Sydney M., 59
Kelly, Gene, 101
Kennedy, Jacqueline, 142
Kennedy, John F., 142, 168
Kenny, Sean, 124
Kerker, Michael, 200
Kern, Jerome, 12, 16, 22, 55, 135, 205
Kerr, Robert S., 135–36
Kert, Larry, 183
“K” gatefold LPs, 118, 140f, 141–42, 177
Kiley, Richard, 209
The King and I (original cast album), 94–95
Kiss Me, Kate (original cast album), 84–85, 89, 219
Knickerbocker Holiday (Weill), 55
Kober, Arthur, 129
Krieger, Henry, 198
Lady, Be Good! (Gershwin, G., and Gershwin, I.), 21–22
Lady in the Dark (Weill and Gershwin, I.), 60, 109
“The Lady is a Tramp” (Sinatra), 102
Lane, Abbe, xviiif
Lane, Burton, 61, 79, 109, 175
Lang, Harold, 92–93
Langford, Frances, 62–63
Lansbury, Angela, 153f
career challenges of, 154
“If He Walked into My Life” and, 155
Mame and, 155
Tony Awards and, 156
upbringing of, 153
Lapidus, Deborah, 155–56
Lardner, Ring, 13
Larkins, Ellis, 99
Larson, Jonathan, 211
The Last 5 Years (original cast album), 216
Latin music, 60
La Touche, John, 56
Laurents, Arthur, 173
Lawrence, Gertrude, 31, 60
Lawrence, Steve, 127, 137, 146, 152f, 154–56, 160–61
Lee, Jack, 169
Lee, Peggy, 86, 127, 227n1
Legend, John, 219
Lennon Sisters, 137
Leo Reisman and His Orchestra, 35
Lerner, Alan Jay, 113–15, 119, 131–33, 150, 181, 209
Rodgers, R., partnering with, 174–75
royalties earned by, 141
Let ’Em Eat Cake (Gershwin, G., and Gershwin, I.), 35, 36f, 37
Let ’Em Eat Cake (studio recording, Paul Whiteman Orchestra), 37
Let’s Have Fun (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 47
Lewis, Marlo, 126
Libbey, J. Aldrich, 12
Liberty Music Shop, 98–99
Lieberson, Goddard, xvii, 6f, 79, 89, 172f, 229n15, 230n16
CBS-Columbia Group promotion of, 177
Cinema Center Films and, 184
Columbia Record Club and, 116–17
dance music in original cast albums and, 111–12
Davis, S., and, 162
death of, 196
dialogue in original cast albums and, 112
education and early career of, 107
gatefold LPs and, 118
genius of, 91
A Little Night Music acquired and produced by, 187–88
(p.245) movie soundtrack focus of, 144–45
My Fair Lady original cast album and, 114–19, 120f, 121, 133
old Broadway musicals recording projects of, 108–11
original cast album bidding wars and, 174–75
producing tricks and strategies of, 112–13
professionalism and expertise of, 110–11
retirement of, 196
Rodgers, R., and Hammerstein and, 106–7, 118–19
Sondheim supported by, 173
South Pacific original cast album produced by, 86–87
Streisand signed by, 164
success of, 116, 119
technology limitations overcome by, 111–12
Liebman, Max, 125
“Life is Just a Bowl of Cherries” (Vallee), 33
Life magazine, 142
Lili, 176
Lillie, Beatrice, 82
Little Johnny Jones (Cohan), 24
A Little Night Music (original cast album), 187–88
A Little Night Music (Sondheim), 7, 186–87, 191
A Little Night Music (West End cast album), 197
“The Little Things You Do Together” (Company original cast), 183
Livingston, Jay, xv–xviii, 1
Lloyd Weber, Andrew, 7, 185–86, 199–202, 214
Loesser, Frank, 82, 96, 110, 116
Loewe, Frederick, 113, 114, 131–33, 150, 209
royalties earned by, 141
Logan, Joshua, 86, 99, 128–30
Lolita (Nabokov), 181
Lolita, My Love (Lerner and Barry), 181–82
Lombardo, Guy, 66
long-playing records (LPs)
CD advantages and disadvantages of, 201
Columbia Record Club and, 116–17
development of, 83–84, 89
gatefold, 118, 140f, 141–42, 177
initial releases on, 84–85
original cast albums and, 84–89
precursors to, 82
recording industry acceptance of, 87
Sinatra and, 97–98, 166
singer’s role in, 98
stereo recording technology and, 117–18
Streisand and, 166
Look, Ma, I’m Dancin’! (original cast album), 82
Lost in the Stars (original cast album), 87
“Lover Come Back to Me” (Sinatra), 50
“Luck Be a Lady” (Sinatra), 168
Lyman, Tommy, 25
lyrics, original cast albums including, 188
MacDermot, Galt, 137–38, 177–78
Mackintosh, Cameron, 201–2
magnetic tape technology, 83
The Majestic Theater of the Air, 44
Mame (Herman), 154–56
Mame (original cast album), 175
“Manhattan” (Lee, P., and Lawrence, S.), 127
“Manhattan” (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 16–18
Man of La Mancha (original cast album), 209
Marand, Patricia, 129
The Marcels, 157
“March of the Musketeers” (Crosby, B.), 29
Mardin, Arif, 211
Marks, Walter, 161
Martin, Dean, xvi
Martin, Mary, 74–75, 87, 92, 131
Marx, Groucho, 87
Mary Poppins (movie soundtrack), 142–43, 147–48
Mathis, Johnny, xvii–xviii, 3, 145
MCA Records, 198
McCay, Winsor, 10
McDonald, Audra, 215
McGlinn, John, 205, 207
McKeever, Jacquelyn, xviiif
Me and Juliet (original cast album), 95
medleys, of show tunes, 29–30
Meet Me in St. Louis, 68
Melton, James, 57
“Memory” (Streisand), 199
Menuhin, Yehudi, 210
Mercer, Johnny, 100
acting career of, 75
Broadway musicals and, 76–78
Capitol Records and, 76–78
Merchant of Yonkers (Wilder), 11
Merman, Ethel, 3, 33, 45, 64, 92, 93, 128
Meron, Neil, 215
Merrick, David, 176, 180, 204
Merrily We Roll Along (original cast album), 197–98, 229n2
MGM Records, xvii, 143, 176, 177
Midler, Bette, 215
The Midnight Rounders, 14–15
Miller, Glenn, 60
(p.246) Miller, Marilyn, 32, 35
Miller, Mitch, 96–97, 110, 116
Miranda, Lin-Manuel, xv, 208f, 209, 211, 217–19
mixtapes, of show tunes, 210
Mlle. Modiste (Herbert), 10
“The Moon Shines on the Moonshine” (Williams, B.), 14
Moore, Victor, 32, 128
Morgan, Helen, 30, 32, 47, 57
Morris, Edwin, 159
Morris, Joan, 8f, 12
Mostel, Zero, 131
The Most Happy Fella (original cast album), 116
Motown Records, 196
movies, Broadway musicals as, 101–3, 102f, 148–49
movie soundtracks. See also specific soundtracks
Andrews success with, 148
Lieberson’s focus on, 144–45
original cast albums compared to, 143, 148
original cast albums competing with, 150–51
original cast albums sales increased by, 149
rise and popularity of, 143–44
technology challenges with early, 143
Mr. Wonderful, 162
Munn, Frank, 57
Murray, Billy, 24
Musical Stages (Rodgers, R.), 9
The Music Man (original cast album), 119
The Music of Man, 210
Musicraft Records, 58–59
Mutual Broadcasting System, 45
M. Witmark & Sons, 11–12
“My Blue Heaven” (Cantor), 25
My Fair Lady (Lerner and Loewe), 114, 132–33
My Fair Lady (original cast album), xv, xvii, 104f, 114–19, 120f, 121, 133, 141
“My Favorite Things” (Coltrane, J.), 146
“My Favorite Things” (Como), 146
“My Guy” (Wells), 169
“My Man” (Brice), 14
NAB (National Association of Broadcasters), 54, 59
Nabokov, Vladimir, 181
Nash, Ogden, 74
National Academy Record Club, 136
National Association of Broadcasters (NAB), 54, 59
National Broadcasting Company (NBC), 40, 42, 44–45, 46, 51, 59, 106
Broadway musicals investments of, 114
“Necessity” (Davis, S.), 167
Nero, Peter, 188
Nestroy, Johann, 11
New York Daily News, 126
New York Evening Graphic, 126
New York Times, 92, 179, 203–4, 217
Nichols, Robert, 207
“Night and Day” (Astaire, F.), 31, 226n14
“Night Song” (Davis, S.), 163
“Night Song” (Goulet), 163
Nine (Yeston), 194
“Nobody” (Williams, B.), 14, 25
“No Other Love” (Como), 95
No Strings (Rodgers, R.), 9, 175
Nymph Errant (Porter), 31
Oberstein, Eli, 81
O’Dell, Nancy, 213
Odets, Clifford, 162–63
Off-Broadway albums, 177–78
Of Thee I Sing (Gershwin, G., and Gershwin, I.), 33–34, 37
Oh, Kay! (Gershwin, G.), 31
“Oh, Diogenes!” (Vallee, R.), 63
“Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin’!” (Sinatra), 65
O’Hara, John, 93
Oh Captain! (Livingston and Evans), xviiif, 1
cover albums of, xvi–xviii
original cast album experience compared to, xvi
plot of, xv
Oh Captain! (original cast album), xivf, xv–xviii, xixf, 219
Oklahoma! (movie soundtrack), 144
Oklahoma! (original cast album), 219
arrangements for, 65–66
recording limitations of, 66–67
sales success and influence of, 67–68
second edition of, 68–71, 70f
songs not included on, 67
Oklahoma! (Rodgers, R., and Hammerstein, O.), 3–4, 64–65, 73, 135–36
Oklahoma! Volume Two, 68–71, 70f
Ol’ Blue Eyes Is Back (Sinatra), 189
Oliver! (Bart), 123–24
“Ol’ Man River” (Robeson), 32
Olsen, George, 224n8
On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (Lerner and Lane, B.), 175
On Broadway (Goulet), 163
On Broadway, Volume 2 (Goulet), 163
“Once Upon a Time” (Bennett, T.), 160
“One Last Kiss” (Vee), 159
One Touch of Venus (original cast album), 74
“On the Street Where You Live” (Damone), 116
On the Town (studio recordings, 1945), 75, 79, 80f
(p.247) On the Town (studio recording, 1960), 108
On the Twentieth Century (original cast album), 196–97
On Your Toes (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 55
Orbach, Jerry, 206f
Original Cast Album: Company (documentary), 182–83
original cast albums. See also specific albums
advances for recording rights to, 105–7
appeal of, 3–4
on Billboard charts, 5
Billboard charts categorization of, 141
Broadway musicals experiences compared to, xv–xvi, 4
Broadway musicals for marketing, 201–2, 216
Capitol Records inconsistent interest in, 184–85
cassettes and, 194
CD impact on, 193–94
chart positions of, in 1970s, 194–95
Columbia releasing, 79–81
context and, 4–5, 94–95
cost of recording, in 1980s, 195
covers of, xvi–xviii, 24
dance music in, 111–12
dialogue in, 112, 183
digital downloads of, 209–10, 213, 217
failures in mid-1960s, 175–77
“Greatest Hits,” xviii
incremental sales of, 216–17
Kapp assembling, 62–63, 65–66, 74–75
LPs and, 84–89
lyrics included in, 188
movie soundtracks compared to, 143, 148
movie soundtracks competing with, 150–51
movie soundtracks increasing sales of, 149
Off-Broadway albums, 177–78
out-of-print, 193, 202–5
as popular music, 5–6
predicting success of, 95
public access to, xvii
record industry bidding wars over, 79–82, 105–7, 174–76
record industry trepidation toward, in 1970s and 1980s, 195–96
recording goals for, 4
on 78 rpm records, 56–59
stereo recording technology and, 117–18
technology impact on, 6–7
West End, 197, 199–200
O’Shea, Tessie, 124
out-of-print original cast albums, 193, 202–5
“Over the Rainbow” (Garland), 143
Page, Patti, 85
The Pajama Game (Adler and Ross), 96–97
The Pajama Game (original cast recording), 112
“The Pajama Game/Racing with the Clock” (The Pajama Game original cast), 112
Paley, William S., 40, 114
Pal Joey (movie), 101–3, 102f
Pal Joey (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 55, 60, 90f, 91, 93
Pal Joey (studio album), 92–94
Pasek, Benj, 220
Paul, Justin, 220
Paul Whiteman Orchestra, 30, 35, 36f, 37
pension funds, AFM and, 82
People (Streisand), 166
“People” (Cole, N.), 165
“People Will Say We’re in Love” (Crosby and Erwin, T.), 3, 65
Peters, Bernadette, 192f
Petrillo, James C., 76, 82
AFM strike and, 63–64
upbringing and early career of, 53
The Phantom of the Opera (original cast album), 202, 219
Phelps, William Lyons, 45
phonograph, invention of, 23
Pins and Needles (Rome), 55
Pins and Needles (studio recording), 164
Pinza, Ezio, 87, 168
Pipe Dream (Rodgers, R., and Hammerstein, O.), 116
Plummer, Christopher, 149
Polydor Records, 199
Polygram Records, 202
Pomahac, Bruce, 82, 99, 207
popular music
original cast albums as, 5–6
“quiet hits” and, 188
rock ’n’ roll as, 179
rock ’n’ roll threatening traditional, 158
sheet music as, 12–13
show tunes as, 1–2
singer’s role in, 98
vaudeville and, 13
Porgy and Bess (original cast album), 62
Porter, Cole, 30, 31, 55, 64, 95, 110
The Ed Sullivan Show tribute to, 134, 228n16
imagination of, 7
initial LP releases and, 84–85
on radio variety shows, 44
Sinatra tribute to, 49
songbook compilations from work of, 99–100
Presley, Elvis, 157, 159, 177
Previn, André, 188
(p.248) Prince, Harold, 96–97, 110–11, 173, 183–85, 187–88
Private Lives (Coward), 31
Procter & Gamble, 46
Promises, Promises (original cast album), 180
“Put on a Happy Face” (Bennett, T.), 159
“A Puzzlement” (Brynner), 128
Pygmalion (Shaw, G. B.), 113–14
“quiet hits,” 188
Rabson’s, 99
“race records,” 27
Racusin, Norman, 175–76
radio
advertising sales in, 1939, 59
ASCAP and, 54, 59–60
audience size for, 40
Berlin’s criticism of, 43
BMI and, 59–60
Broadway musicals on, 41–42, 45–46
Cantor and, 39–40, 44, 51
dance orchestras on, 40–41
ETs and, 54
jazz on, 41
recording industry growth with, 41, 43
Rodgers, R., and Hart, L., on, 46–47
sheet music impact of, 43
Show Boat on, 46
Sinatra’s career and, 48–51
technology limitations of early, 40
variety shows on, 42–45
Your Hit Parade impact on, 48
Rado, James, 137–38, 177–78
Ragni, Gerome, 137–38, 177–78
“Rags to Riches” (Bennett, T.), 96
Raitt, John, 96, 128
Ramone, Phil, 180, 198
Randall, Tony, xvi, xviiif, xixf
Ray, Johnnie, 96–97
RCA Red Seal, 197
RCA Victor, 35, 79–82, 87, 93, 95, 105–6, 143, 146–48, 175–78, 196–97
LP development and, 83–84
recording industry
AFM settlement with, 69
AFM strike and, 63–65
ASCAP boycott impact on, 60–61, 63
Broadway musicals as separate from, 24
cassettes and, 194
digital downloads impact on, 209–10, 213, 217
early limitations of, 23–24
egalitarianism of, 22
electronic recording technology impact on, 27–28
in England, 31
incremental sales and, 216–17
LP acceptance by, 87
mixtapes and, 210
Off-Broadway albums and, 177–78
original cast album bidding wars in, 79–82, 105–7, 174–76
original cast albums trepidation of, in 1970s and 1980s, 195–96
original companies and innovations in, 23–24
radio and growth of, 41, 43
stereo recording technology and, 117–18
technology investments of, 22
technology obstacles of, 55
recording rights, original cast albums advances for, 105–7
records. See also compact discs; long-playing records; singles
“canned music,” 53–54
Columbia Record Club and, 116–17
gatefold LPs, 118, 140f, 141–42, 177
mixtapes and, 210
original artists on, 31–32
78 rpm, 30–31, 56–59, 66, 85
sides of, 30–31
vinyl compared to shellac, 83
Reddy, Helen, 186
Reinheimer, Howard, 106–7
Reisman, Leo, 35, 56
Rent (Larson), 211
Rent (original cast album), 211–12, 219
Reprise Musical Repertory Theater series, 166–68
Reprise Records, 162–63, 166–68
the Revelers, 30
revival cast albums, 108–11
“Rhapsody in Blue” (Gershwin, G.), 29
Rhythm and Blues, 157
Rice, Tim, 185–86
Rich, Frank, 203–4
Rivera, Chita, 112
Rivers, Joan, 124
Robbins, Jerome, 228n12
Roberts, Joan, 66
Robeson, Paul, 32, 56
Robinson, Earl, 56
rock ’n’ roll
Broadway musicals hiring songwriters from, 179–81, 198
(p.249) Bye Bye Birdie and, 159
The Ed Sullivan Show and, 137
as popular music, 179
resistance to early, 157–58
traditional popular music threatened by, 158
Rodgers, Eileen, xixf
Rodgers, Richard, 2–3, 42–43, 63–69, 90f, 91, 95, 101, 111, 122f, 223n3, 225n11
ASCAP boycott impact on, 60–61
“Blue Skies” upsetting, 32
Dreyfus, M., audition of, 16–19
on Dreyfus, M., 15
on The Ed Sullivan Show, 135–36, 138–39
formal boundaries broken by, 55
Hart, L.’s, death and final work with, 73–74
on Hart, L., collaborations, 93
Lerner partnering with, 174–75
Lieberson and, 106–7, 118–19
musical instincts of, 10
original cast albums in childhood of, 9–10
Pipe Dream failure of, 116
popularity and success of, 94
on radio, 46–47
record company of, 118–19
Sinatra’s musical roots and, 49–50
songbook compilations from work of, 99–100
South Pacific demos of, 85–86
success of, 87, 89
on Victor Light Opera Company, 29–30
Rolling Stone magazine, 208f
Roman Scandals, 47
Romberg, Sigmund, 45, 49–50
Rome, Harold, 55, 164
“A Room Without Windows” (Lawrence, S.), 161
the Roots, 218
Rose, Charlie, 209
Rose, David, 91
Rosenfield, William, 203
Ross, Jerry, 96–97
Roxbury Records, 205
Rudy Vallee and His Connecticut Yankees, 43
Rust, Brian, 224n1
Saks, Jay David, 4, 197–98
Saks, Manny, 86
Sandburg, Carl, 58
Sanders, George, 170f
Sarnoff, David, 40, 114
Schwartz, Arthur, 46–47, 158–59
Schwartz, Stephen, 5, 204, 214
Scott, Linda, 157
“Seasons of Love” (Wonder), 211
The Second Barbra Streisand Album (Streisand), 165
Segal, Vivienne, 73–7 (Sinatra),
“Send in the Clowns” (Collins), 189–90
“Send in the Clowns” (Sinatra), 189–91, 190f, 191
“Send in the Clowns” (Streisand), 212
78 rpm records, 30–31
length restrictions of, 66
original cast albums on, 56–59
public transition away from, 85
Shapiro, Bernstein & Co., 14
Shaw, George Bernard, 113–14
Shaw, Robert, 79
sheet music
ASCAP and, 15
marketing and sales of, 13
origin of, 10–11
as popular music, 12–13
as product, 22
radio impact on, 43
South Pacific sales of, 87
Tin Pan Alley and, 11, 13, 15
Your Hit Parade increasing sales of, 69
Ziegfeld Follies and, 14
shellac records, vinyl compared to, 83
She Loves Me (original cast album), 176
Shepard, Thomas Z., 117, 177, 182, 183, 192f, 193, 195
Sondheim and, 197–98
Sherry! (original cast album), 170f
Sh-K-Boom Records, 216
Shore, Dinah, 50f, 85, 93
Short, Bobby, 189
Show Boat (archival album), 205, 207
Show Boat (Hammerstein), 2, 8f, 12, 30, 32
on radio, 46
Show Boat (revival cast album), 79
show tunes
American Idol and, 214–15
challenge of writing, 1
context and, 1–3
dance orchestra arrangements of, 28
early technology for recording, 22
electronic recording technology impact on, 27–28
jazz and, 228n5
marketing, 1950s, 3
medleys of, 29–30
mixtapes of, 210
original artists recording, 31–32
as popular music, 1–2
“quiet hits” and, 188
(p.250) Shutta, Ethel, 224n8
Simone, Nina, 179
Simple Simon (Rodgers, R., and Hart, L.), 32
Simpson, Vera, 103
Sinatra, Frank, 50f, 65, 81–82, 85, 161, 171
Broadway musicals appreciation of, 49
Cantor compared to, 51
from Columbia Records to Capitol Records, 97
on Hammerstein, 49–50
LPs and, 97–98
Porter tribute by, 49
radio and career of, 48–51
Reprise Musical Repertory Theater series and, 166–68
Reprise Records formed by, 162–63, 166
Rodgers, R., and musical roots of, 49–50
“Send in the Clowns” and, 189–91, 190f
Sondheim and, 191
songbook compilations of, 101–3, 102f
songwriters respected by, 191
on Your Hit Parade, 48
Sing for Your Supper, 56
singles. See also show tunes
Broadway musicals preceded by, 96–97
predicting success of, 95
“quiet hits” and, 188
60 Minutes, 209
Skyscraper (Cahn and Van Heusen), 168
“Small World” (Mathis), 3
Smash Song Hits (compilation album), 225n11
Smith, Keely, 168
Snyder, Bill, 91–92
“Soliloquy” (Raitt), 128
“Some Enchanted Evening” (Como), 87
“Some Enchanted Evening” (Sinatra), 168
“Some of These Days” (Tucker), 13
“Some People” (Merman), 128
Something for Everyone, 184
Something for the Boys (Porter), 64
“Something Good” (Andrews, J., and Plummer, C.), 149
“Something’s Coming” (Mathis), 145
Sondheim, Stephen, 4, 172f, 174, 182, 192f, 229n2
anticipation utilized by, 7
commercial challenges of, 186–88
context and, 3
on Follies original cast album recording, 185
Lieberson supporting, 173
Shepard and, 197–98
Sinatra and, 191
Streisand collaboration with, 212
Songbird (Streisand), 195
songbook compilations, 2
of Fitzgerald, 99–101
origin of, 98–99
from Porter’s music, 99–100
prestige of, 100–101
from Rodgers, R.’s, and Hart, L.’s, music, 99–100
of Sinatra, 101–3, 102f
of Streisand, 212–13
Songs by Sinatra, 49
Songs for Young Lovers (Sinatra), 97
songwriters. See also specific songwriters
from Broadway musicals going to Hollywood, 55
Broadway musicals hiring rock n’ roll, 179–81, 198
on The Ed Sullivan Show, 133–35
Sinatra’s respect for, 191
“Soon” (Crosby), 48
The Sound of Music (movie soundtrack), 146–49
The Sound of Music (original cast album), 119, 145–46
The Sound of Music Live!, 215
Sousa, John Philip, 53
South Pacific (movie soundtrack), 144–45
South Pacific (original cast album), 85–87, 88f, 89, 105
South Pacific (Rodgers, R., and Hammerstein, O.), 85, 87, 111
“The Spaniard That Blighted My Life” (Jolson), 14
SpongeBob Square Pants (original cast album), 220
Spotify, 210
Star Wars, 193
stereo recording technology, 117–18
Stewart, Michael, 136–37, 159
St. Louis Woman (Mercer and Arlen), 76–77
St. Louis Woman (original cast album), 77–78
Stoloff, Morris, 167
Stoney End (Streisand), 195
“Stranger in Paradise” (Bennett, T.), 96
Street Scene (Weill and Hughes), 80
The Street Where I Live (Lerner), 132–33
Streisand, Barbra, 165, 194–95, 199
Lieberson signing, 164
LPs and, 166
Sondheim collaboration with, 212
songbook compilations of, 212–13
Strike Up the Band (Gershwin, G.), 30
Stritch, Elaine, 93–94, 183
Strouse, Charles, 159–60, 214
Styne, Jule, 3, 93, 168, 176
Sugar Babies, 195
(p.251) Sullivan, Ed, 122f, 123, 228n12. See also The Ed Sullivan Show
audience size for, 130
Broadway musicals impact of, 124–25, 130–31
in Bye Bye Birdie, 136–37
conservatism of, 131
endorsements and promotions of, 129–30
journalist background of, 126
legacy of, 139
National Academy Record Club and, 136
taste and booking abilities of, 128
television host transition of, 126–27
Sunday in the Park with George (original cast album), 192f, 198
Sun Records, 157
“Supper Time” (As Thousands Cheer), 2, 34–35
“Supper Time” (Davies), 35
“Swanee” (Jolson), 16, 45
Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street (original cast album), 197, 219
Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street (Sondheim), 197
“Tea for Two” (Victor Light Opera Company), 30
technology. See also compact discs; long-playing records
cassettes and, 194
digital downloads and, 209–10, 213, 217
early movie soundtrack challenges with, 143
electronic recording, 27–28
Internet and, 209, 216–17
Lieberson overcoming limitations of, 111–12
magnetic tape, 83
mixtapes and, 210
original cast albums and, 6–7
radio limitations with, 40
recording industry investments in, 22
recording industry obstacles of, 55
show tunes and early recording, 22
stereo recording, 117–18
vinyl compared to shellac, 83
television. See also specific shows
American Idol and, 214–15
Broadway musicals investments by networks in, 114
Broadway musicals live broadcasts on, 215
Broadway musicals relationship with, 125–26
rapid growth of, 126
record companies backed by networks in, 106
Sullivan’s impact on Broadway musicals through, 124–25
Sullivan’s transition to, 126–27
variety shows on, 126–28
television soundtracks, 213
“Tell Me, Pretty Maiden” (Floradora original cast), 13–14
“Ten Cents a Dance” (Etting), 32
“They Can’t Take That Away from Me” (Merman), 45
“They Say It’s Wonderful” (Crosby), 78
The Third Album (Streisand), 165
This Is Broadway’s Best (anthology), 113
This Is the Army (Berlin), 64
Thompson, Ahmir “Questlove,” 218
Thoroughly Modern Millie (movie soundtrack), 148
“Three Paradises” (Randall, T.), xvi
The Threepenny Opera (revival cast album), 177
Thriller (Jackson), 145
Tin Pan Alley, 11, 13, 15, 158
The Toast of the Town, 127–30
“To Keep My Love Alive” (Vivienne Segal), 73, 74
“Tomorrow” (Jones, G.), 194
“Tomorrow” (Streisand), 194–95
Tony Awards, 156
“Too Darn Hot” (Davis, S.), 167
torch singers, 32
A Trip to Chinatown (Hoyt), 11–12
Tucker, Sophie, 13
20th Century Fox, 144, 147
“Twin Soliloquies” (Sinatra and Smith, K.), 168
Two by Two (Rodgers, R.), 138–39
Two Gentlemen of Verona (original cast album), 185
Two on the Aisle (Styne), 93
Underwood, Carrie, 215
United Artists, 180
Valando, Tommy, 184, 188
Vallee, Rudy, 33, 49, 62–64, 225n9
in radio variety shows, 42–44
Van Heusen, Jimmy, 106, 168
Variety, 73, 94, 130, 177–78, 193
variety shows
on radio, 42–45
on television, 126–28
vaudeville, popular music and, 13
Vee, Bobby, 159
Victor Chorale, 79
Victor Light Opera Company, 29–30, 33–34
Victor Talking Machine Company, 23, 25–26
vinyl records, shellac compared to, 83 (p.252)
Wald, Elijah, 96
Walker, George, 24–25
Walker, Nancy, 75
Wallerstein, Edward, 83
Wallichs, Glenn, 75–76
Warner Bros., 150, 176
Warwick, Dionne, 180
Washington, Dinah, 85
Waters, Ethel, 34–35
“Waving Through a Window” (Pasek and Paul), 220
Webb, Clifton, 35
“Wedding Dance” (Fiddler on the Roof original cast), 203
Weiler, A. H., 101
Weill, Kurt, 55, 60, 74, 80, 87, 109
Welles, Orson, 57
West End cast albums, 197, 199–200
Western electric, 27
Weston, Paul, 100
West Side Story (movie soundtrack), 145
We Take the Town, 176
What Makes Sammy Run? (original cast album), 161
“Where Did Robinson Crusoe Go with Friday on Saturday Night” (Jolson), 26
Where’s Charley (Loesser), 82
Whiteman, Paul, 28–30, 35, 36f, 37, 45, 94
Whiting, Margaret, 77–78, 99
“Who Will Buy?” (Streisand), 165
Wicked (original cast album), 213–14
Wilder, Thornton, 11
Wiley, Lee, 98–99
Williams, Andy, xvi
Williams, Bert, 14, 24–25
Williamson Music, 81
Willson, Meredith, 119
Winchell, Walter, 42, 126
Winninger, Charles, 46–47
Wish You Were Here (Logan), 128–30
Wish You Were Here (original cast album), 219
The Wizard of Oz, 61–62
Wonder, Stevie, 211
Wonderful Town (original cast album), 95
Woodstock (movie soundtrack), 179
Working (original cast album), 229n2
“Yankee Doodle Boy” (Murray, B.), 24
Yeko, Bruce, 204
Yeko, Doris, 204
Yeston, Maury, 194
You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown (original cast album), 177
Your Hit Parade, 48, 69
“You’ve Got to Be Carefully Taught” (Davis, S.), 167
Zadan, Craig, 215
Ziegfeld, Florenz, Jr., 14, 32
Ziegfeld Follies, 14–15, 24–25
“Zip” (Stritch), 93–94
Zorina, Vera, 108