Chapter 2 discusses the experimental observations of the boundary-layer separation in subsonic and supersonic flows that lead to a formulation of the concept of viscous-inviscid interaction. It then turns to the so-called ‘self-induced separation’ of the boundary layer in supersonic flows. This theory is formulated based on the asymptotic analysis of the Navier–Stokes equations at large values of the Reynolds number. As a part of the flow analysis, this chapter also introduces the ‘triple-deck model’. It then shows how this model may be used to describe the classical problem of the boundary-layer separation in an incompressible fluid flow past a circular cylinder.
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