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Living machinesA handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems$
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Tony J. Prescott, Nathan Lepora, and Paul F.M.J Verschure

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674923

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199674923.001.0001

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Human relationships with living machines

Human relationships with living machines

(p.569) Chapter 60 Human relationships with living machines
Living machines

Abigail Millings

Emily C. Collins

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the possibility of long-term human relationships with living machines, particularly robots, exploring this concept via psychological research on human–human relationships. The main focus is attachment theory, a general systems perspective on the bond that develops between an infant and its caregiver via a series of systems that are ideally kept within certain limits in order to ensure infant survival. The chapter highlights the importance of taking into consideration psychological first principles of human–human relationship formation, when exploring the idea of potential relationship formation between a human and a robot. It also discusses the role of individual differences that shape behavioral systems. The chapter concludes by considering the potential for robotic machines to fulfil human attachment needs.

Keywords:   attachment, bond, infant, caregiver, exploration, behavioral, individual differences, paro, relationship

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