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Red Saxony – Election Battles and the Spectre of Democracy in Germany, 1860-1918 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Red Saxony: Election Battles and the Spectre of Democracy in Germany, 1860-1918

James Retallack


This book throws new light on the reciprocal relationship between political modernization and authoritarianism in Germany over the span of six decades. Election battles were fought so fiercely in Imperial Germany because they reflected two kinds of democratization. Social democratization could not be stopped; but political democratization was opposed by many members of the German bourgeoisie. Frightened by the electoral success of Social Democrats after 1871, anti-democrats deployed many strategies that flew in the face of electoral fairness. They battled socialists, liberals, and Jews at elec ... More

Keywords: Germany, Imperial Germany, elections, democracy, parliamentarism, Saxony, suffrage, political culture, anti-socialism, antisemitism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780199668786
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199668786.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

James Retallack, author
Professor of History and German Studies, University of Toronto