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The Global History of Organic Farming$
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Gregory A. Barton

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001

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The Cultural Soil of Organic Farming

The Cultural Soil of Organic Farming

Chapter:
(p.20) 2 The Cultural Soil of Organic Farming
Source:
The Global History of Organic Farming
Author(s):

Gregory A. Barton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0002

The movement to maintain the influence of the countryside and of farmers in particular dominated political thought in England and the United States throughout most of the nineteenth century, and still influenced millions into the mid-twentieth century. Aspects of agrarianism, romantic farm literature, and its many variants on the continent of Europe—including biodynamics and German biological farming—all can be seen as building blocks that merged with the organic farming protocols pioneered by Albert Howard (discussed further in later chapters). The reaction against industrialism must be understood as both a cultural and a political movement. This explains why—though socialist and leftist thinkers of all stripes also shared agrarian ideals—the main arguments against the effects of industrialism were from those on the right of the political spectrum.

Keywords:   agrarianism, biodynamics, biological farming, romantic farm literature, Rolf Gardiner, Rudolf Steiner

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