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History and Theory of Knowledge ProductionAn Introductory Outline$
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Rajan Gurukkal

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199490363

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199490363.001.0001

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The Rise of Science

The Rise of Science

(p.146) 5 The Rise of Science
History and Theory of Knowledge Production

Rajan Gurukkal

Oxford University Press

A review of knowledge production in the Age of Renaissance, impetus of great intellectuals like Roger Bacon, growth of natural philosophy of Copernicus, Galileo, Francis Bacon, Descartes, and Newton on contemporary knowledge production; and the making of the Age of Enlightenment constitute the fifth chapter. How Newton’s theories of objects, position, relations, dynamic, and velocity went into the making of a new field of knowledge called mechanics in Natural Philosophy, explaining the fundamental laws of the motion of bodies under the action of forces, became the hegemonic model for the centuries that succeeded, is the core of the chapter. It shows how the Newtonian inductive theorization of absolute space as independent of objects and of the universal time revolutionized the entire domain of knowledge and became the epochal model.

Keywords:   Newton, absolutist induction, Principia mathematica, mechanics, position, velocity, predictability, inductive theorisation, Enlightenment

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