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Human Development in an Unequal World$
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K. Seeta Prabhu and Sandhya S. Iyer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199490240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199490240.001.0001

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Gender and Human Development

Gender and Human Development

Chapter:
(p.230) 8 Gender and Human Development
Source:
Human Development in an Unequal World
Author(s):

K. Seeta Prabhu

Sandhya S. Iyer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199490240.003.0008

The chapter presents an intersectional analysis of women’s human development outcomes through the lens of gender and social relations on the one hand, and the nature of public policies implemented on the other. Against the backdrop of women’s movements, this chapter explains women’s marginalization process, wherein critical gaps in the formation of basic capabilities across men and women in the society are identified. Differences in human development outcomes are not only due to differences in access and opportunity freedoms, but also in endowments and entitlements. Thus, real concerns about women’s human development achievements are regarding capability deprivation and inequalities in access to labour markets, social opportunities, political participation, and social protection. It is argued that purely entitlement transfers through state policy will not be able to resolve the issue. The numerous efforts to assess human development outcomes of both women and men in terms of quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been able to capture only some part of this multi-layered phenomenon.

Keywords:   female agency, exclusion, gender roles, social protection, poverty feminization, time-use analysis, women empowerment

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