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Indian Army and the First World War1914-18$
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Kaushik Roy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199485659

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199485659.001.0001

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Gallipoli and Salonika

Gallipoli and Salonika

(p.119) 3 Gallipoli and Salonika
Indian Army and the First World War

Kaushik Roy

Oxford University Press

The Indian Army was not very successful in Gallipoli and Salonika. In the Gallipoli Campaign, the Ottoman infantry made the same mistake that the British and French infantry committed in the Western Front: launching mass infantry charges against entrenched enemy positions defended by barbed wire and machine guns. This probably saved the Allied bridgeheads. The Allied infantry assault at Gallipoli faced the same problem that the Allied infantry encountered in the Western Front till 1916: the inability of the artillery to support the advancing assaulting infantry as it neared the hostile defensive positions. The Gurkhas displayed their expertise in mountain warfare, but in general Indian infantry failed to develop flexible infantry–artillery coordination in a mobile battle. At Gallipoli, Indian artillery also learnt the techniques of indirect fire, counter battery bombardment, harassing fire, and so on.

Keywords:   Gallipoli, Salonika, Gallipoli Campaign, Ottoman infantry, Allied bridgeheads, Western Front, Gurkhas, Indian artillery, techniques of indirect fire, infantry

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