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Shaping Policy in IndiaAlliance, Advocacy, Activism$
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Rajesh Chakrabarti and Kaushiki Sanyal

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199475537

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199475537.001.0001

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The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009

The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009

Chapter:
(p.122) 5 The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009
Source:
Shaping Policy in India
Author(s):

Rajesh Chakrabarti

Kaushiki Sanyal

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199475537.003.0005

This chapter chronicles the evolution of the Right to Education Act. After listing the evolution milestones of the education system from pre-independence era, the chapter identifies two judicial orders in the early 90s, in the cases of Mohini Jain and Unnikrishnan, as the impetus to a move towards RTE. Several NGOs used the opportunity to start a campaign for education as a fundamental right till they formed a broad coalition under the banner of NAFRE in the late 1990s that intensified grass-root campaign for RTE. The campaign and PILs pushed the government to amend the constitution in 2001 to make education after age six a fundamental right. A long legislative journey ensued that led to the enactment in 2009. None of the existing theories fit the entire journey though some stages correspond to different specific frameworks.

Keywords:   Right to Education, RTE, Mohini Jain, NAFRE, Pratham

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