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Shaping Policy in IndiaAlliance, Advocacy, Activism$
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Rajesh Chakrabarti and Kaushiki Sanyal

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199475537

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199475537.001.0001

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The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009

The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009

(p.122) 5 The Journey to the Right to Education Act, 2009
Shaping Policy in India

Rajesh Chakrabarti

Kaushiki Sanyal

Oxford University Press

This chapter chronicles the evolution of the Right to Education Act. After listing the evolution milestones of the education system from pre-independence era, the chapter identifies two judicial orders in the early 90s, in the cases of Mohini Jain and Unnikrishnan, as the impetus to a move towards RTE. Several NGOs used the opportunity to start a campaign for education as a fundamental right till they formed a broad coalition under the banner of NAFRE in the late 1990s that intensified grass-root campaign for RTE. The campaign and PILs pushed the government to amend the constitution in 2001 to make education after age six a fundamental right. A long legislative journey ensued that led to the enactment in 2009. None of the existing theories fit the entire journey though some stages correspond to different specific frameworks.

Keywords:   Right to Education, RTE, Mohini Jain, NAFRE, Pratham

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