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The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian CognitionContradiction, Change, and Holism$
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Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199348541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199348541.001.0001

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Dialectical Thinking and Creativity from Many Perspectives

Dialectical Thinking and Creativity from Many Perspectives

Contradiction and Tension

(p.267) Chapter 9 Dialectical Thinking and Creativity from Many Perspectives
The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition

Susannah B. F. Paletz

Kyle Bogue

Ella Miron-Spektor

Julie Spencer-Rodgers

Oxford University Press

Dialectical thinking has been investigated together with creativity for decades. This chapter organizes the literature by contrasting the different conceptualizations of dialectical thinking used to study creativity. Dialectical thinking has been defined quite differently from a variety of theoretical perspectives. From the Hegelian perspective, dialectical thinking has come to mean the apex of formal thinking or a particular cognitive strategy. Naïve or East Asian dialectical thinking, by contrast, includes a sense that contradictions exist that need not be resolved. In this chapter, these conceptions of dialectical thinking are compared and contrasted. The chapter (1) discusses how creativity may be differentially impacted by different kinds of dialectical thinking, (2) describes cultural differences for acceptance-oriented (naïve) dialectical thinking, (3) reviews the literature on concepts related to dialectical thinking, (4) points out gaps in current theory and research, and (5) recommends future cross-cultural and within-culture research.

Keywords:   culture, cross-cultural differences, creativity, dialectical thinking, contradiction, paradox, East Asian thinking

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