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The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian CognitionContradiction, Change, and Holism$
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Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199348541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199348541.001.0001

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The Epistemology of Yin-Yang Balancing as the Root of Chinese Cultural Traditions

The Epistemology of Yin-Yang Balancing as the Root of Chinese Cultural Traditions

The Indigenous Features and Geocentric Implications

Chapter:
(p.35) Chapter 2 The Epistemology of Yin-Yang Balancing as the Root of Chinese Cultural Traditions
Source:
The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition
Author(s):

Peter Ping Li

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0002

Most Eastern traditional philosophies, such as Taoism, from China, share a set of core themes that constitute a philosophy of wisdom (science–art integration), in contrast to Western philosophies with a focus on knowledge (science–art separation). This chapter argues that the epistemological system of yin-yang balancing is the root of Eastern culture traditions. Building on this theme, the chapter elaborates on the unique features of yin-yang balancing, in contrast to Aristotle’s formal logic and Hegel’s dialectics in the West. It is posited that yin-yang balancing is more sophisticated (rather than naïve) than all dialectical logic for paradox management, since it is the only system that can truly accommodate and appreciate paradox and has the potential to absorb all Western systems into a geocentric (East-meets-West) meta-system. The chapter concludes with an application of yin-yang balancing to the geocentric integration of the Eastern philosophy of wisdom with the Western philosophy of knowledge, toward a new geocentric meta-paradigm.

Keywords:   Dialectics, yin-yang balancing, China, Taoism, philosophy of wisdom, geocentric meta-paradigm

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