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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 5: Historical Writing Since 1945$
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Axel Schneider and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199225996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199225996.001.0001

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Censorship and History since 1945

Censorship and History since 1945

(p.52) Chapter 3 Censorship and History since 1945
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Antoon De Baets

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the classification of types of censorship as they have developed since 1945. Censorship of history has been practiced in all modes, genres, fields, categories, and periods of history, and in all countries. To begin with, it ranges over all modes of the historiographical operation. Pre-censorship, often invisible to the public, attempts to regulate research: archives are cleansed or kept secret, and manuscripts are rewritten without authorial consent. Meanwhile, post-censorship means that publications are banned, their authorship is deleted or changed without authorial consent, that lectures are boycotted, or the content of teaching courses is improperly interfered with. The importance of the censorship of history clearly varies according to whether a given political regime is dictatorial, democratic, or transitory between both. The chapter also analyzes the relationships between censorship and epistemology, truth and ethics.

Keywords:   censorship, history, historiographical operation, pre-censorship, post-censorship, dictatorship, democracy, epistemology, ethics

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