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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 5: Historical Writing Since 1945$
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Axel Schneider and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199225996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199225996.001.0001

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Brazilian Historical Writing

Brazilian Historical Writing

(p.440) Chapter 21 Brazilian Historical Writing
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Marshall C. Eakin

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses how, starting in the 1940s, historical writing in Brazil was gradually professionalized and then pluralized under the impact of Western historiographical trends such as Marxism, the Annales School, and dependency theory. With the independence of Brazil in 1822, gentlemen scholars began to produce the first notable historical works that helped define the nation’s identity, particularly focusing on Brazil’s culturally and racially mixed heritage of Africans, Native Americans, and Portuguese. Professional academic history began to emerge in the 1940s and 1950s, taking off after 1960. Over the last half-century, Brazilians have constructed a very sophisticated and vibrant community of professional historians writing for both academic and non-academic audiences. Although historical writing in Brazil over the last century has been deeply influenced by US and European historians, Brazilian historical writing today is largely shaped by domestic issues and concerns.

Keywords:   Brazilian historical writing, Marxism, Annales School, dependency theory, professional historians

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