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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 5: Historical Writing Since 1945$
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Axel Schneider and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199225996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199225996.001.0001

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Argentine Historical Writing in an Era of Political and Economic Instability

Argentine Historical Writing in an Era of Political and Economic Instability

(p.422) Chapter 20 Argentine Historical Writing in an Era of Political and Economic Instability
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Joel Horowitz

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Argentine historical writing. In the period before 1945, historical writing was not particularly distinguished, and the end of the war did not change that. Two major approaches to the writing of history existed: the Nueva Escuela Histórica (New School of History) and Revisionism. The dominant force was the former, which by 1945 was far from new. The Nueva Escuela historians were interested in questions of methodology, claiming to be focused on only the historical evidence. They closely read their documents and eschewed wider interpretations, particularly those that seemed tied to the current national situation. In the 1930s, Revisionism challenged the Nueva Escuela’s liberal vision of the past. Revisionism was a rejection of Argentina’s cosmopolitan modernizing tendencies and an exaltation of its Hispanic past, stressing nationalism and rejecting foreign influence. Its key goals were political: to rethink the past in order to shape the future.

Keywords:   Argentine historical writing, Nueva Escuela Histórica, Revisionism, nationalism

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