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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 5: Historical Writing Since 1945$
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Axel Schneider and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199225996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199225996.001.0001

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Historical Writing in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary

Historical Writing in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary

(p.243) Chapter 12 Historical Writing in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Maciej Górny

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on historical writing in three central European states—Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. It looks at the long-term trends and phenomena in historical writing in the region. The first is the coexistence during the immediate post-war years of communist policy, together with more or less nationalistic historical interpretations. The next stage is typified by attempts to control education and research, and to reshape the organizational structure of historiography. An output of both of these phenomena was the ‘final’ or mature Marxist interpretations of Polish, Hungarian, Czech, and Slovak history. The next regional stage to have a considerable impact on the region’s historiography is the ‘golden age’ of the 1960s, when most of the innovative and influential books were published, and historians from East Central Europe came into closer contact with their colleagues from the western part of the continent.

Keywords:   historical writing, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, communist policy, nationalist historical interpretations, historiography, Marxist historical interpretations

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