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Inclusive Dualism – Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa | Oxford Scholarship Online
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Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

Abstract

W. Arthur Lewis, the founding father of development economics, saw developing economies as dualist, that is, characterised by differences in earnings and productivity between and within economic sectors. His famous model of development, in which ‘surplus’ (unemployed and underemployed) labour was drawn out of subsistence activities and into manufacturing, was reflected in the subsequent East Asian development trajectory in which labour was drawn into low-wage, labour-intensive manufacturing, including in clothing production, before shifting into higher-wage work once the supply of surplus labo ... More

Keywords: labour-intensive growth, decent work fundamentalism, South Africa, unemployment, surplus labour, wages and employment, trade union strategy, industrial policy, labour policy, inequality

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198841463
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198841463.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Nicoli Nattrass, author
Professor of Economics, Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Jeremy Seekings, author
Professor of Political Studies and Sociology, Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town, South Africa