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Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 5$
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David Sobel, Peter Vallentyne, and Steven Wall

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198841425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198841425.001.0001

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Localized Restricted Aggregation

Localized Restricted Aggregation

Chapter:
(p.171) 7 Localized Restricted Aggregation
Source:
Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 5
Author(s):

Victor Tadros

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198841425.003.0007

This chapter defends a restricted aggregationist view about harm prevention. Restricted aggregationist views claim that preventing an aggregation of smaller harms to many people can justify failing to save a smaller number of people from larger harms in cases where the difference between the harms is not too great. The view defended here is that even if preventing an aggregation of smaller harms cannot justify failing to save a person from a much larger harm by counting against preventing the larger harm, they can justify the decision not to save a person from a much larger harm by counterbalancing other reasons there might be to save the person from a much larger harm. This view is shown to be preferable to a more familiar restricted aggregationist view, where the prevention of smaller harms makes no contribution to the decision not to save a person from a larger harm at all.

Keywords:   aggregation, harm, risk, deontic theory, intransitivity

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