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Essentials of Landscape Ecology$
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Kimberly A. With

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198838388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198838388.001.0001

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Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal

Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal

Behavioral Landscape Ecology

(p.239) 6 Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal
Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Kimberly A. With

Oxford University Press

Movement is a fundamental process that enables individuals to find food or mates, locate suitable habitat, and colonize new areas. The effect of environmental heterogeneity on individual movement behavior is the finest scale at which organisms respond to landscape structure, and can be used to define different species’ perceptions of landscape structure. This chapter discusses different types and scales of movement, how patch structure is expected to influence movement, and various methods for tracking and analyzing animal movement. Because animal movements are typically bounded in space, the estimation of space utilization and home-range size is also considered in this chapter. The chapter concludes with a discussion of various approaches to measuring plant dispersal, which is likewise important for evaluating how movement (via propagules) translates into the redistribution or spread of populations across the landscape.

Keywords:   foraging behavior, habitat selection, immigration, gap-crossing ability, edge effects, movement pathways, landscape of fear, home-range estimation, plant dispersal

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