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Essentials for Health ProtectionFour Key Components$
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Emily Ying Yang Chan

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198835479

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198835479.001.0001

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response

(p.63) Chapter 4 Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response
Essentials for Health Protection

Emily Ying Yang Chan

Oxford University Press

Emergency preparedness to health risk and disaster response to health needs are essential health protection skills and competencies to protect community health and well-being in times of crisis. Emergencies and extreme events may disrupt the environmental context and destroy essential life- and health-sustaining infrastructure and environmental context. Crisis often renders a health system ineffective to protect a community from health risks and provide for the overwhelming health and medical needs associated with the disruption. In addition, in the twenty-first century, many of the emergencies and disasters transcend national boundaries and require transnational cooperation. Such a response requires global involvement and collaborations to respond effectively and efficiently. Natural disasters (e.g. hurricanes/typhoons), global disease outbreaks of old and emerging infectious diseases, and population displacements as a result of war, famine, or natural disaster often require just the response capacity of more than a single nation.

Keywords:   emergency preparedness, disaster response, natural disaster-triggered technological disaster (Natech), disaster response cycle, hydrological disaster, geophysical disaster, biological disaster, technological disaster, complex emergency, Health Emergency Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM)

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