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Essentials for Health ProtectionFour Key Components$
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Emily Ying Yang Chan

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198835479

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198835479.001.0001

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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response

Chapter:
(p.63) Chapter 4 Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response
Source:
Essentials for Health Protection
Author(s):

Emily Ying Yang Chan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198835479.003.0004

Emergency preparedness to health risk and disaster response to health needs are essential health protection skills and competencies to protect community health and well-being in times of crisis. Emergencies and extreme events may disrupt the environmental context and destroy essential life- and health-sustaining infrastructure and environmental context. Crisis often renders a health system ineffective to protect a community from health risks and provide for the overwhelming health and medical needs associated with the disruption. In addition, in the twenty-first century, many of the emergencies and disasters transcend national boundaries and require transnational cooperation. Such a response requires global involvement and collaborations to respond effectively and efficiently. Natural disasters (e.g. hurricanes/typhoons), global disease outbreaks of old and emerging infectious diseases, and population displacements as a result of war, famine, or natural disaster often require just the response capacity of more than a single nation.

Keywords:   emergency preparedness, disaster response, natural disaster-triggered technological disaster (Natech), disaster response cycle, hydrological disaster, geophysical disaster, biological disaster, technological disaster, complex emergency, Health Emergency Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM)

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