Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Knowing and SeeingGroundwork for a new empiricism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michael Ayers

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198833567

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198833567.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 09 April 2020

Perception and Primary Knowledge

Perception and Primary Knowledge

(p.34) 2 Perception and Primary Knowledge
Knowing and Seeing

Michael Ayers

Oxford University Press

A phenomenological analysis of perceptual experience, conducted with an eye on experimental psychology, addresses a series of questions. What is phenomenology? What makes perception of one’s environment as one’s environment? Does the phenomenal integration of the senses give decisive reason for ‘direct realism’? Do we perceive causal relations, or only infer them? Are we perceptually aware of acting? Are we perceptually aware of the causality of perception itself, and if so, in some cases or in all? It is argued that perceiving is not only direct cognitive contact with reality, but that the perceptual relation is itself an object of perceptual awareness. Accordingly, conscious perceptual knowledge comes with knowledge that and of how one has it. Other forms of knowledge (e.g. a priori knowledge) are analogous. A distinction is drawn between primary and secondary knowledge, such that that there could be no secondary knowledge without some primary knowledge.

Keywords:   phenomenology of perception, intentional content, sensory multimodality, sensory integration, cross-modal perception, proprioception, perception of causality, the KK Principle, primary/secondary knowledge, direct realism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .