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Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits$
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Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198830870

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198830870.001.0001

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Changes in Genetic Variation Induced by Drift

Changes in Genetic Variation Induced by Drift

Chapter:
(p.391) 11 Changes in Genetic Variation Induced by Drift
Source:
Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits
Author(s):

Bruce Walsh

Michael Lynch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0011

In the absence of the input of new variation, drift eventually removes all of the additive-genetic variance in a population. When nonadditive genetic variance is present, some of this variation can be transiently converted into additive variance, resulting in the latter occasionally increasingly (for a time) under inbreeding. This chapter examines the conditions under which such a conversion can occur, which leads to a discussion of the more complex covariances between inbred relatives, requiring the introduction of several new genetic-variance components to be introduced. It also examines the expected equilibrium levels of additive variance under drift-mutation equilibrium.

Keywords:   additive variance, covariance between inbred relatives, drift, mutational heritability, mutation-drift equilibrium, nonadditive genetic variance, one- and two-locus identity coefficients, polygenic mutation, REML estimates

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