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A Population History of IndiaFrom the First Modern People to the Present Day$
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Tim Dyson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829058

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829058.001.0001

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Before and After 1947

Before and After 1947

c.1921 to c.1971

Chapter:
(p.171) 8 Before and After 1947
Source:
A Population History of India
Author(s):

Tim Dyson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198829058.003.0008

This chapter considers population trends in the decades either side of Independence. It does so in three broad phases. The first phase is the 1920s and 1930s—when there was unprecedented population growth, and public discussion about birth control increased. The second phase is the turbulent 1940s; here particular attention is given to the demographic effects of the Bengal famine in 1943–44 and Partition in 1947. The final phase is the 1950s and 1960s—when there was a big fall in the death rate and, very cautiously, a family planning programme was introduced. The chapter also considers developments relating to the urban sector, migration, and regional demographic variation. It concludes by noting that, with little sign of a fall in the birth rate, by 1971 there was increasing disappointment and concern about the performance of the family planning programme.

Keywords:   birth control, 1943–44 Bengal famine, Partition, family planning programme, regional demographic variation

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