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Dignified Retreat – Writers and Intellectuals in the Age of Richelieu - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Dignified Retreat: Writers and Intellectuals in the Age of Richelieu

Robert A. Schneider


Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIII’s first minister and the architect of French absolutism, is often celebrated for his role in reviving the arts and letters in the crucial period in the formation of French classicism. This book looks less at him than at the writers and intellectuals themselves in the creation of a new culture distinguished by the rise of the French language over Latin and the emergence of a literary field. The author argues that even the French Academy, founded by Richelieu in 1635, was more the result of an already established literary and linguistic movement that he merely mana ... More

Keywords: Richelieu, literature, French language, Gallicanism, retreat, absolutism, French Academy, Académie française, intellectuals

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198826323
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198826323.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert A. Schneider, author
Professor of History, Indiana University, Bloomington