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Effects of Climate Change on Birds$
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Peter O. Dunn and Anders Pape Møller

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198824268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198824268.001.0001

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Changes in migration, carry-over effects, and migratory connectivity

Changes in migration, carry-over effects, and migratory connectivity

(p.93) Chapter 8 Changes in migration, carry-over effects, and migratory connectivity
Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Roberto Ambrosini

Andrea Romano

Nicola Saino

Oxford University Press

Studies of the timing (phenology) of bird migration provided some of the first evidence for the effects of climate change on organisms. Since the rate of climate change is uneven across the globe, with northern latitudes experiencing faster warming trends than tropical areas, animals moving across latitudes are subject to diverging trends of climate change at different stages of their annual life cycle, and, consequently, they can become mistimed with the local ecological conditions, with potentially negative effects on population size. This chapter reviews the modifications induced by climate change in different migration traits, like the timing of migration events, the distribution of organisms, and the direction and the speed of movements. It also considers the effects of ecological carry-over effects and migratory connectivity on the response of birds to climate change.

Keywords:   arrival dates, carry-over effects, departure date, migration phenology, migration speed, migratory connectivity, range shift, stopover sites

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