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Innovation in Energy Law and TechnologyDynamic Solutions for Energy Transitions$
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Donald Zillman, Lee Godden, LeRoy Paddock, and Martha Roggenkamp

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198822080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198822080.001.0001

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Innovation in the EU Gas Sector

Innovation in the EU Gas Sector

Injection of Biomethane into the Natural Gas System

Chapter:
(p.262) 15 Innovation in the EU Gas Sector
Source:
Innovation in Energy Law and Technology
Author(s):

Martha Roggenkamp

Jacob Sandholt

Daisy G Tempelman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198822080.003.0015

The EU natural gas system has been developed since the 1960s, following discovery of the Groningen gas field. Climate change and security of supply challenges are affecting the natural gas market, provoking greener innovation including the introduction of renewable gases, such as biogas, which needs to be converted to biomethane (natural gas quality) before injection into the natural gas system and transported cross-border. This chapter examines the legal framework on EU and national level. Special attention is paid to: the extent to which biogas/biomethane is considered a renewable energy source; safety and quality standards; access and connection rules. National gas quality standards may, however, prove to be an obstacle for transportation cross-border. In addition, there is a trend towards cross-border contractual trade in biomethane and slowly emerging organizational developments facilitating cross-border trade in biomethane.

Keywords:   natural gas supply, climate change, security of supply, biogas, biomethane, gas quality standards, biomethane injection, cross-border trade, green certificates, sustainability criteria

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