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Hunger in War and PeaceWomen and Children in Germany, 1914-1924$
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Mary Elisabeth Cox

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198820116

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198820116.001.0001

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From Blockade to Aid

From Blockade to Aid

July 1919–1924

Chapter:
(p.275) 8 From Blockade to Aid
Source:
Hunger in War and Peace
Author(s):

Mary Elisabeth Cox

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198820116.003.0009

Once the blockade against Germany was fully lifted on 12 July 1919, food from different sources began entering the country. Excess food from the US military was parcelled out to American citizens resident in Germany. Though significant for the recipients who received it, the military surplus lasted only a few months and could only be shared with other Americans. A source of foreign food for German citizens were food drafts, which allowed family and friends in foreign lands to purchase foodstuffs for their loved ones in Germany without taking the risk of theft or spoilage associated with directly exporting the goods. Other institutions, private and public, focused on feeding German children. This chapter examines the efforts of some of the major international aid organizations, including the American Friend Service Committee, Save the Children, and other groups feeding German children. It examines the approaches and struggles of these groups at an institutional level.

Keywords:   food drafts, international aid, American Relief Administration, Save the Children, American Friend Service Committee, Swiss food aid

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