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An Avant-garde Theological GenerationThe Nouvelle Théologie and the French Crisis of Modernity$
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Jon Kirwan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198819226

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198819226.001.0001

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The Crisis of Humanism and the Generation of 1930

(p.135) 5 1930s
An Avant-garde Theological Generation

Jon Kirwan

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a generational account of the wider intellectual and political French climate of the 1930s and the Great Depression, led by the non-conformistes and such figures as Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, by drawing on significant studies of the 1930s by Jean-Louis Loubet del Bayle and others, to enable us to appreciate the nouvelle théologie as a particular unit of this generation. Â First, the sense of absolute crisis, revolution, and mission of the wider generation is examined, along with its articulation by young intellectuals. The chapter also highlights three aspects of their generational programmes, namely, deeper historical thinking, concrete philosophical construction, and active engagement with the world, showing how Left Catholic thought, political initiatives, and projects of ecclesial renewal followed along comparable lines and drew inspiration from their secular peers.

Keywords:   1930s, non-conformistes, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Louis Loubet del Bayle, Left Catholic

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