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An Avant-garde Theological GenerationThe Nouvelle Théologie and the French Crisis of Modernity$
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Jon Kirwan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198819226

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198819226.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
An Avant-garde Theological Generation

Jon Kirwan

Oxford University Press

This introduction provides an overview of the movement called the nouvelle théologie, a French Catholic reform movement led primarily by Jesuits and Dominicans. They sought to build a certain rapprochement with modernity by appropriating the historical method, aspects of phenomenology, and social engagement. A brief overview is provided of the two theologates with which they are identified: Fourvière, the Jesuit school in Lyon and Le Saulchoir, the Dominican school across the border in Belgium. Next, brief biographies are provided of the primary figures, including Henri de Lubac, Jean Daniélou, Yves Congar, and Marie-Dominique Chenu and Gaston Fessard. Finally, it is argued that recent historical treatments explain the nouvelle théologie almost exclusively in terms of the ecclesiastical debates that surrounded it. It suggests that a broader historical methodology is needed to root the movement deeper in the cultural, political, intellectual, and economic crises of the first half of the twentieth century.

Keywords:   history, nouvelle théologie, Fourvière, Le Saulchoir, De Lubac, Daniélou, Chenu, Congar, Fessard

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