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The Syntax of Mainland Scandinavian$
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Jan Terje Faarlund

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817918.001.0001

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The adjective phrase

The adjective phrase

Chapter:
(p.55) 3 The adjective phrase
Source:
The Syntax of Mainland Scandinavian
Author(s):

Jan Terje Faarlund

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198817918.003.0003

Besides adjectives proper, participles also function syntactically as adjectives. Adjectives used as predicate complements have an external argument which may raise to become the subject of a copula or the object of a transitive verb. Adjectives may take complements, although mostly they occur without one. A few adjectives take a nominal complement, but mostly the complement is a PP. The complement may also be an infinitival relative, which is the derivational basis of ‘tough’ constructions. An adjective may be preceded by a modifying degree phrase (DegP), expressing degree or comparison. The comparative and the superlative are expressed by modifiers ‘more’ and ‘most’, or by a suffix which is checked against an abstract degree element in DegP. DegP may be followed by a comparative phrase which is extraposed to the right of the adjective.

Keywords:   participle, predicate complement, external argument, copula, infinitival relative, ‘tough’ constructions, degree, comparative, superlative, comparative phrase

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