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Governance IndicatorsApproaches, Progress, Promise$
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Helmut K. Anheier, Matthias Haber, and Mark A. Kayser

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817062.001.0001

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Innovations in Objectively Measuring Corruption in Public Procurement

Innovations in Objectively Measuring Corruption in Public Procurement

(p.154) 7 Innovations in Objectively Measuring Corruption in Public Procurement
Governance Indicators

Mihály Fazekas

Luciana Cingolani

Bence Tóth

Oxford University Press

While there is continued interest in measuring governance, disagreement on how best to do so has only grown over time. To provide pointers at innovative and rigorous indicator building, this chapter documents innovations in measuring a particularly challenging governance dimension: corruption in public procurement. In hopes of inspiring future research, the chapter critically reviews objective corruption proxies using administrative data on government purchases falling in four broad categories: tendering risk indicators, political connections indicators, supplier risk indicators, and contracting body risk indicators. The findings indicate that the best measurement instruments focus on the transaction level (micro level) while allowing for consistent aggregations for time series and cross-country comparisons. Such actionable indicators capture behaviour as directly as possible rather than remaining at the country level. They also retain the relational or transactional aspects of governance, revealing a much more dynamic picture than widely used population and expert surveys.

Keywords:   governance, measurement, corruption, risk, objective indicator, big data in social science, administrative data

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