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The Welfare State in EuropeEconomic and Social Perspectives$
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Pierre Pestieau and Mathieu Lefebvre

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817055

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817055.001.0001

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Unemployment and Poverty

Unemployment and Poverty

Chapter:
(p.157) 13 Unemployment and Poverty
Source:
The Welfare State in Europe
Author(s):

Pierre Pestieau

Mathieu Lefebvre

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198817055.003.0013

This chapter emphasizes the role of unemployment insurance and labour market policies. Starting from the recent evolution of unemployment in the European countries, it presents the main aspects of unemployment insurance systems and shows the disparities in terms of generosity and coverage among the countries. The trade-off between flexibility and protection of employees is presented and the example of the Danish flexicurity is put into perspective with recent reforms introduced in France or Germany that push for more activation and experience rating. The chapter then surveys the recent changes in the nature of European employment such as the case of deported workers or the increase of jobs related to new technologies. These changes exert pressure on the poorest workers and call for controls of work contracts.

Keywords:   flexicurity, experience rating, basic income, minimum wage, in-work poverty

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