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Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2$
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Tania Lombrozo, Joshua Knobe, and Shaun Nichols

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198815259

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198815259.001.0001

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Decisions Behind the Veil

Decisions Behind the Veil

An Experimental Approach

(p.167) 7 Decisions Behind the Veil
Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Justin P. Bruner

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the behavior of individuals placed in circumstances approximating the ‘veil of ignorance.’ Unlike previous experiments of Rawls’ veil, it considers Rawls’ fair equality of opportunity principle in addition to the so-called difference principle. The chapter author’s experimental design can register whether behavior is consistent with a lexicographic ranking of principles of justice. The chapter observes wide support for utilitarianism as well as fair equality of opportunity and, moreover, finds the former is lexically prior to the latter.

Keywords:   distributive justice, veil of ignorance, equality of opportunity, utilitarianism, lexicographic ordering, experimental economics

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