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The Interoceptive MindFrom Homeostasis to Awareness$
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Manos Tsakiris and Helena De Preester

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198811930

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198811930.001.0001

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The body as first prior: Interoceptive predictive processing and the primacy of self-models

The body as first prior: Interoceptive predictive processing and the primacy of self-models

Chapter:
(p.27) Chapter 2 The body as first prior: Interoceptive predictive processing and the primacy of self-models
Source:
The Interoceptive Mind
Author(s):

Micah Allen

Manos Tsakiris

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0002

Embodied predictive processing accounts place the visceral milieu, its homeostatic functioning, and our interoceptive awareness thereof on the center stage of self-awareness. Starting from the privileged status that homeostatic priors have within the cortical hierarchy of an organism whose main imperative is to maintain homeostasis, we focus on the mechanisms that underlie interoceptive precision and its impact on embodiment and cognition. Beyond their privileged status for ensuring the stability of organism, this chapter considers the psychological importance that interoceptive priors and interoceptive precision have for self-awareness and the grounding of a coherent self-model. In a manner analogous to the role that interoception plays for homeostasis, interoception at the psychological level seems to contribute to the stability of self-awareness. This psychological role of interoception is illustrated by a growing body of research that considers the antagonism but also the integration between exteroceptive and interoceptive models of the self.

Keywords:   interoception, predictive processing, self, interoceptive precision, homeostatic priors

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