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Seeing, Knowing, UnderstandingPhilosophical Essays$
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Barry Stroud

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198809753

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198809753.001.0001

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Kant’s ‘Transcendental Deduction’

Kant’s ‘Transcendental Deduction’

(p.151) 12 Kant’s ‘Transcendental Deduction’
Seeing, Knowing, Understanding

Barry Stroud

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a straightforward structural description of Immanuel Kant’s conception of what the transcendental deduction is supposed to do, and how it is supposed to do it. The ‘deduction’ Kant thinks is needed for understanding the human mind would establish and explain our ‘right’ or ‘entitlement’ to something we seem to possess and employ in ‘the highly complicated web of human knowledge’. This is: experience, concepts, and principles. The chapter explains the point and strategy of the ‘deduction’ as Kant understands it, as well as the demanding conditions of its success, without entering into complexities of interpretation or critical assessment of the degree of success actually achieved. It also analyses Kant’s arguments regarding a priori concepts as well as a posteriori knowledge of the world around us, along with his claim that our position in the world must be understood as ‘empirical realism’.

Keywords:   transcendental deduction, Immanuel Kant, mind, knowledge, experience, concept, principle, empirical realism

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