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Multiplex and Multilevel Networks$
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Stefano Battiston, Guido Caldarelli, and Antonios Garas

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198809456

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198809456.001.0001

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Economic Specialization and the Nested Bipartite Network of City–Firm Relations

Economic Specialization and the Nested Bipartite Network of City–Firm Relations

Chapter:
(p.74) 4 Economic Specialization and the Nested Bipartite Network of City–Firm Relations
Source:
Multiplex and Multilevel Networks
Author(s):

Antonios Garas

Céline Rozenblat

Frank Schweitzer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198809456.003.0004

The chapter “Economic Specialization and the Nested Bipartite Network of City–Firm Relations” shows how the structure of the city–firm bipartite network has striking similarities with other types of bipartite networks found in ecology. There, nodes represent species, while links represent their interactions. In so-called antagonistic networks, such as food webs, the interaction between species is asymmetric, such as in host–parasite, predator–prey, and plant–herbivore interactions. In so-called mutualistic networks, on the other hand, the interaction between species is symmetric, that is, both species interact in a mutually beneficial way such as, for example, the way that plants interact with their pollinators. This chapter shows that ecological indicators can be used to identify the unbalanced deployment of economic activities; it also provides evidence that the network of city–firm relations contains information about the quality of life in cities.

Keywords:   firm, economic activity, mutualistic network, ecology, bipartite network

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