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Effective Conservation ScienceData Not Dogma$
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Peter Kareiva, Michelle Marvier, and Brian Silliman

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198808978

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808978.001.0001

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Replacing underperforming nature reserves

Replacing underperforming nature reserves

Chapter:
(p.147) Chapter 23 Replacing underperforming nature reserves
Source:
Effective Conservation Science
Author(s):

Richard A. Fuller

James E. M. Watson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0023

This chapter discusses a radical solution to the problem that many protected areas are not in the right places to achieve maximum conservation benefit. The radical solution involves replacing underperforming protected areas with new ones that achieve more for conservation. Such a system revision was successfully undertaken in Bhutan as long ago as 1993. This chapter argues that designing robust policies and processes around reserve replacement will (i) force a thorough assessment of the role of protected areas against a clear set of conservation objectives, (ii) upgrade a poorly performing system of protected areas into a system that achieves better conservation outcomes for the same, or even a lower, overall budget, and (iii) allow for sober, transparent, and effective decision-making when parts of existing protected areas are under threat from development.

Keywords:   protected areas, biodiversity, spatial prioritization, conservation planning

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