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Effective Conservation ScienceData Not Dogma$
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Peter Kareiva, Michelle Marvier, and Brian Silliman

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198808978

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808978.001.0001

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When “sustainable” fishing isn’t

When “sustainable” fishing isn’t

Chapter:
(p.110) Chapter 17 When “sustainable” fishing isn’t
Source:
Effective Conservation Science
Author(s):

Kristin N. Marshall

Phillip S. Levin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0017

This chapter highlights conflicts created by fishing at levels generally thought to be sustainable. Sustainable seafood has been defined as providing food today without affecting the ability of future generations to obtain food. But this straightforward definition belies the complexity of sustainability. Models suggest that even under low levels of fishing there can be large impacts on ecosystem attributes, and thus the small reductions from sustainable harvest levels that have been advocated as a win-win solution do not necessarily lead to ecosystem benefits. Second, a case study of herring fisheries and harvest by indigenous peoples in Haida Gwaii reveals that what is regarded to be a sustainable commercial herring harvest can degrade human wellbeing. A potential solution may be spatial management that creates trade-offs on finer spatial scales, and satisfies more ecological and cultural needs.

Keywords:   Sustainability, Fishing, win-win solution, spatial management, herring fisheries

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