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The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law$
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Katharine Fortin

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198808381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808381.001.0001

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Control of Territory and Human Rights Obligations of Armed Groups

Control of Territory and Human Rights Obligations of Armed Groups

Chapter:
(p.240) 9 Control of Territory and Human Rights Obligations of Armed Groups
Source:
The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law
Author(s):

Katharine Fortin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198808381.003.0009

Chapter 9 considers the relevance of control of territory to the acquisition of legal obligations by armed groups. Employing the principle of ‘effectiveness’ as its starting point, the chapter conducts a detailed analysis of the rules on State responsibility, focusing in particular on Article 9. It also charts jurisprudence from the US Supreme Court, the US-Mexico General Claims Commission, and the Franco-Italian Conciliation Commission. Finding support for the idea that States may be held responsible for the impersonal acts of armed groups, the chapter explains how this case law may give rise to an argument that armed groups are bound by the international obligations of the State in instances where they control territory. It concludes by explaining how the obligations of armed groups may also originate in the continued rights of the population in the territory under their control.

Keywords:   armed groups, Article 9, control of territory, effectiveness, administrative acts

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