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From Party Politics to Personalized Politics?Party Change and Political Personalization in Democracies$
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Gideon Rahat and Ofer Kenig

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198808008

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808008.001.0001

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A Cross-National Comparison of Party Change

A Cross-National Comparison of Party Change

(p.91) 5 A Cross-National Comparison of Party Change
From Party Politics to Personalized Politics?

Gideon Rahat

Ofer Kenig

Oxford University Press

The chapter presents an integrative cross-national comparative analysis of party change in all twenty-six countries under study. It finds that, apart from often sharing the same decline trend, the various indicators of party change appear to be independent of one another. The indicators that refer to the various mediators and those that refer to voters point clearly to decline, while those that look at the party background of representatives stand out as prominent survivors of a major decline trend. Party decline is evident in almost all countries, but its levels vary. Many explanations for variance are ruled out, leaving room for the possibility that human agency rather than environmental factors may prove to be the cause. Parties are not on their way out, but in some countries they have already experienced sharp decline, while in others their experience may be better described as adaptation. In many others still, parties lie somewhere in-between these poles.

Keywords:   cross-national comparison, indicators of party change, party adaptation, party change, party decline

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