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Welfare Democracies and Party PoliticsExplaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism$
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Philip Manow, Bruno Palier, and Hanna Schwander

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807971

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807971.001.0001

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Determinants of Dimension Dominance

Determinants of Dimension Dominance

(p.61) 3 Determinants of Dimension Dominance
Welfare Democracies and Party Politics

Herbert Kitschelt

Philipp Rehm

Oxford University Press

In some countries, electoral competition predominantly revolves around redistributional questions (“first-dimension politics”), while in other countries, issues related to cultural matters (guns, gays, and god) or immigration play a more dominant role (“second-dimension politics”). This chapter studies the question of dimension dominance, or more precisely, under which circumstances the first dimension of political competition dominates the second dimension. The chapter presents cross-national estimates of the importance of redistributive vs. non-redistributive concerns in party competition and seeks to explain cross-national differences. It is argued that the dominance of first-dimension politics is a function of (relative) party polarization; the progressivity of welfare states; the historical strength of secular liberal parties; and clientelism, among other factors.

Keywords:   multidimensional party competition, redistribution, immigration, dimension dominance, party polarization, welfare state, clientelism, parties, political competition

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