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Welfare Democracies and Party PoliticsExplaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism$
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Philip Manow, Bruno Palier, and Hanna Schwander

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807971

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807971.001.0001

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Welfare Democracies and Multidimensional Party Competition in Europe

Welfare Democracies and Multidimensional Party Competition in Europe

(p.29) 2 Welfare Democracies and Multidimensional Party Competition in Europe
Welfare Democracies and Party Politics

Jonathan Polk

Jan Rovny

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the relationship between the four European worlds of welfare democracies (Nordic, continental, southern, and Anglo-Saxon) and multidimensional party competition. It systematically examines the variation of the relationship between party positions and salience on economic and cultural politics. The expectation is that southern political economies facilitate closer association between economic and cultural issues, whereas Nordic welfare states produce party systems where competition between mainstream parties is defined by economic politics. The continental political economies stand between the two extremes. The argument is tested with the most recent (2014) waves of data from the Chapel Hill Expert Survey and the European Elections Studies. The analysis suggests different political opportunity structures, and consequently different behavior of radical challenger parties of western Europe. Here, the diverse political economies again correlate with the flavors of radicalism.

Keywords:   party positions, political parties, multidimensional party competition, southern Europe, welfare democracies, niche parties, issue entrepreneurship, radical parties, vote choice, voter dealignment

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