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Word Studies in the Renaissance$
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Gabriele Stein

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807377

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807377.001.0001

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Early polyglot word lists: Investigating their relationship

Early polyglot word lists: Investigating their relationship

Chapter:
(p.104) 4 Early polyglot word lists: Investigating their relationship
Source:
Word Studies in the Renaissance
Author(s):

Gabriele Stein

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198807377.003.0004

The pan-European character of Renaissance dictionaries is well represented by the very successful polyglot word lists. Their origins are the small bilingual works by Adam von Rottweil and Noel de Berlaimont, which were expanded by more and more vernaculars, listing up to eight languages. The handy pocket-size works were arranged according to topics, the headword language was Latin, and the vernacular translation equivalents, usually one-word lexical items, were presented in vertical columns. The number of languages included and their order greatly varied to meet the needs of the countries in which the works were printed. Copies of an undated six-language edition (including English) printed by the Augsburg printer Philipp Ulhart have been preserved. As a date of publication, 1530 has been suggested. The chapter investigates the intricate relationship between the various editions on the basis of a number of criteria to establish a more plausible publication date.

Keywords:   polyglot dictionaries, dating criteria, Philipp Ulhart, Jörg Breu the Younger, Pegasus

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