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Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8$
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Jonathan L. Kvanvig

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198806967

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198806967.001.0001

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There is no Free-Will Defense

There is no Free-Will Defense

Chapter:
(p.294) 13 There is no Free-Will Defense
Source:
Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8
Author(s):

James P. Sterba

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198806967.003.0013

This paper argues that there is no Free-Will Defense for the degree and amount of moral evil in our world. It denies that God’s creating our world with the degree and amount of moral evil that exists, or has existed, in it could be defended in terms of the freedom that it provides, or has provided, to its members. It takes no stand on whether the problem could be solved by arguing that the securing of some other good, or goods in an afterlife is the justification for the degree and amount of moral evil in our world. This paper simply attempts to demonstrate the need for just such further work by showing that the freedom that exists, or has existed, in our world could not constitute a justification for the moral evil that exists, or has existed, in it.

Keywords:   Free-Will Defense, Alvin Plantinga, moral evil, superheroes, contra-causal freedom

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