This chapter summarizes the findings of the study. It takes the empirical results of Chapter 3 as its point of departure; although the institutional environment in Russia formally provides better possibilities for the workforce to articulate its demands than is the case in China, at the same time, the Russian automobile plants have significantly greater problems with the generation of consent. This chapter reveals a somewhat surprising face of factory regimes in the Chinese plants, one that combines controlled employee voice, extensive socialization activities, and at the same time, a strong competitive orientation. By contrast, the findings on the Russian plants show the consequences of a system that, while formally accepting employee voice, also creates a culture shaped by corruption, mistrust, and punishment-oriented leadership styles. The chapter concludes with a look ahead and discusses what the consent-generating micromechanisms analyzed here reveal about the functioning of the two societies and economies.
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