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Galileo UnboundA Path Across Life, the Universe and Everything$
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David D. Nolte

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805847

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805847.001.0001

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A New Scientist

A New Scientist

Chapter:
(p.11) Chapter 2 A New Scientist
Source:
Galileo Unbound
Author(s):

David D. Nolte

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198805847.003.0002

Galileo Galilei was the first modern scientist, launching a new scientific method that superseded, after one and a half millennia, Aristotle’s physics. This chapter describes the trajectory of Galileo’s career, beginning with his studies of motion at the University of Pisa that were interrupted after his move to the University of Padua by his telescopic discoveries of mountains on the Moon and the moons of Jupiter. Galileo became the first rock star of science, and he used his fame to promote the ideas of Copernicus and the Sun-centered model of the solar system. But he pushed too far when he lampooned the Pope. Ironically, Galileo’s conviction for heresy and his sentence to house arrest for the remainder of his life gave him the free time to finally finish his work on the physics of motion, which he published in Two New Sciences in 1638.

Keywords:   Galileo, Aristotle, telescope, Moon, Jupiter, Galilean Moons, Ptolemy,Florence, Medici, Kepler

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