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Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean400 BCE-250 CE$
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Boris Chrubasik and Daniel King

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805663

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805663.001.0001

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Medicine between Cultures in the Hellenistic Fayum

Medicine between Cultures in the Hellenistic Fayum

Chapter:
(p.177) 9 Medicine between Cultures in the Hellenistic Fayum
Source:
Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean
Author(s):

Daniel King

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198805663.003.0009

This paper looks into the relationship between Greek medicine and Egyptian culture in Tebtynis. Cultural interaction in this context has often been interpreted from a perspective that privileges the status of Greek culture: Hellenistic medical treatises (and other texts) were imported to Tebtynis to ‘improve’ the local community and local health-care. This paper looks at two aspects of Greek medical culture at the site: theoretical Hippokratic treatises and pharmaceutical recipes. These medical documents were associated with the Egyptian community in the village, especially the famous sanctuary of Soknebtynis. Analysis suggests that these documents were part of a medical culture that transcended cultural or ethnic divides; there is, this paper argues, considerable evidence for the co-existence of Greek medicine and Egyptian religious practice and ritual life.

Keywords:   Tebtynis, medical papyri, Soknebtynis, Greek medicine, Hippocrates, Kronion and Isidora

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