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Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean400 BCE-250 CE$
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Boris Chrubasik and Daniel King

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805663

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805663.001.0001

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From Pre-Makkabaean Judaea to Hekatomnid Karia and Back Again

From Pre-Makkabaean Judaea to Hekatomnid Karia and Back Again

The Question of Hellenization

Chapter:
(p.83) 5 From Pre-Makkabaean Judaea to Hekatomnid Karia and Back Again
Source:
Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean
Author(s):

Boris Chrubasik

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198805663.003.0005

This chapter analyses the adaptation of Greek cultural and political practices in two distinct environments: fourth-century Karia and second-century Judaea. Both regions see a marked political transformation in their respective time periods. The Hekatomnid rulers actively fostered the foundation of poleis, experimented with Greek architectural styles, and the new polis communities and rulers publicly displayed Greek-language inscriptions. Similarly, one of the high priests of Judaea attempted to transform the city of Jerusalem into a polis and founded Greek polis institutions there. By raising the question of why Greek cultural elements were valuable to the agents of fourth-century Karia and second-century Judaea, this chapter proposes that very local reasons attracted the local elites of these regions to Greek institutions, and argues against seeing these processes as being deeply connected to global trends of a supposed Greek oikoumene.

Keywords:   Hellenization, Hekatomnids, Hellenism, Maussollos, Jason, Labraunda, Mylasa, Jerusalem, local elites

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