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Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean400 BCE-250 CE$
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Boris Chrubasik and Daniel King

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805663

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805663.001.0001

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The Polis of Babylon

The Polis of Babylon

An Historiographical Approach

(p.53) 4 The Polis of Babylon
Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean

Philippe Clancier

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the polticial and administrative changes in the city of Babylon during the third and second centuries BCE. Traditionally the city had been governed by the members of the Esagila assembly, the kiništu, and the sanctuary’s high administrator, the šatammu. At some point in the first half of the second century, however, the puliṭê, that is members of a polis community, emerged as a new political interest group in the city. Examining the role of the puliṭê through a careful analysis of the documentary evidence as well as recent historiography, this chapter offers a new approach to interpreting the political and administrative transformation of second-century Babylon.

Keywords:   Hellenistic Babylon, Babylonian sanctuaries, Esagila, polis, politai, poliadization

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