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The Constitution of European Democracy$
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Dieter Grimm

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805120

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805120.001.0001

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The Necessity of Europeanized Elections and Parties

The Necessity of Europeanized Elections and Parties

(p.117) 7 The Necessity of Europeanized Elections and Parties
The Constitution of European Democracy

Dieter Grimm

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the necessity of Europeanized elections and political parties. In textbooks on European law, political parties play no role, though the Lisbon Treaty affords them one. Currently thirteen parties enjoy the status of a European party under Article 10 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), most of which are affiliations of ideologically like-minded national parties. This chapter first explains how elections work in Europe, and more specifically in the European Parliament, before comparing Euro-democracy with national democracy. It then considers the European Parliament’s powers of participation in European legislation and how the parties’ function of fostering European political awareness is undermined. It also examines the causes of the EU’s legitimacy deficit, along with a number of proposals including a full parliamentarization of the Union, before concluding with its own recommendations.

Keywords:   elections, political parties, European law, Lisbon Treaty, Treaty on European Union, Europe, European Parliament, democracy, legitimacy, parliamentarization

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